UPSC Prelims 2021: Questions from Polity and Governance

Total Number of Questions = **

Questions covered by Synopsis IAS Courses = **

Here are the UPSC Prelims 2021 questions and solutions for these subjects.



 

Q1. Under the Indian Constitution, concentration of wealth violates

(a) the Right to Equality

(b) the Directive Principles of State Policy

(c) the Right to Freedom

(d) the Concept of Welfare

 

Difficulty level: Easy 

Direct Hit from MSGP and GS Classroom.  

Approach:

  • Read Article 39 (c) of DPSP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Q2. What is the position of the Right to Property in India?

(a) Legal right available to citizens only

(b) Legal right available to any person

(c) Fundamental Right available to citizens only

(d) Neither Fundamental Right nor legal right

 

Difficulty level: Easy. Many times asked in UPSC Mains

Direct hit from Synopsis IAS GS Classroom Course. Can be solved by any standard book.

Approach:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Q3. What was the exact constitutional status of India on 26th January, 1950?

(a) A Democratic Republic

(b) A Sovereign Democratic Republic

(c) A Sovereign Secular Democratic Republic

(d) A Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic

 

Difficulty level: Easy. 

Direct hit from Synopsis IAS GS Classroom Course. Can be solved by any standard book.

Approach: Socialist, Seculat and Integrity were added in preamble by 42nd Amendment act 1976.


Q4. Constitutional government means

(a) a representative government of a nation with federal structure

(b) a government whose Head enjoys nominal powers

(c) a government whose Head enjoys real powers

(d) a government limited by the terms of the Constitution

Lecture Link:-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xBcfTGZJv40

(Refer 1st Question)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Q12. With reference to India, consider the following statements:

1. Judicial custody means an accused is in the custody of the concerned magistrate and such accused is locked up in police station, not in jail.

2. During judicial custody, the police officer in charge of the case is not allowed to interrogate the suspect without the approval of the court.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a)1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Difficulty level: 

Approach:


Q13 With reference to India, consider the following statements:

1. When a prisoner makes out a sufficient case, parole cannot be denied to such prisoner because it becomes a matter of his/her right.

2. State Governments have their awn Which of Prisoners Release on Parole Rules.

Which of the statement given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither I nor 2

Difficulty level: 

Approach:


Q15. A legislation which confers on the executive or administrative authority an unguided and uncontrolled discretionary power in the matter of application of law violates which one of the following Articles of the Constitution of India?

(a) Article 14

(b) Article 28

(c) Article 32

(d) Article 44

 

Direct Hit-MSGP

Difficulty level: 

Approach:


Q16. Which one of the following in Indian polity is an essential feature that indicates that it is federal in character?

(a) The independence of judiciary is safeguarded.

(b) The Union Legislature has elected representatives from constituent units.

(c) The Union Cabinet can have elected representatives from regional parties.

(d) The Fundamental Rights arc enforceable by Courts of Law.

Difficulty level: 

Approach:


Q17. Which one of the following best defines the term ‘State?

(a) A community of persons permanently occupying a definite territory independent of external control and possessing an organized government

(b) A politically organized people of a definite territory and possessing an authority to govern them, maintain law and order, protect their natural rights and safeguard their means of sustenance

(C) A number of persons who have been living in a definite territory for a very long time with their own culture, tradition and government

(d) A society permanently living in a definite territory with a central authority, an executive responsible to the central authority and an independent judiciary

Difficulty level: 

Approach:


Q18. With reference to Indian judiciary, consider the following statements:

  1. Any retired judge of the Supreme Court of India can be called back to sit and act as a Supreme Court judge by the Chief Justice of India with prior permission of the President of India.
  2. A High Court in India has the power to review its own judgement as the Supreme Court does.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Difficulty level: 

Approach:


Q19. With reference to India, consider the following statements :

1. There is only one citizenship and one domicile.

2. A citizen by birth only can become the Head of State.

A foreigner once granted the citizenship cannot be deprived of it under any circumstances.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3

(d) 2 and 3

Difficulty level: 

Approach:


Q20. Which one of the following factors constitutes the best safeguard of liberty in a liberal democracy?

(a) A committed judiciary

(b) Centralization of powers

(c) Elected government

(d) Separation of powers

Difficulty level: 

Approach:


Q27. We adopted parliamentary democracy based on the British model, but how does our model differ from that model?

  1. As regards legislation, the British Parliament is supreme or sovereign but in India, the power of the Parliament of legislate is limited.
  2. in India, matters related to the constitutionality of the Amendment of an Act of the Parliament are referred to the Constitution Bench by the Supreme Court.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Difficulty level: 

Approach:


Q28. With reference to the Union Government, consider the following statement:

  1. Genetic engineering is applied in the development of these vaccines.
  2. Bacteria and viruses are used as vectors.

Which of the statement given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Difficulty level: 

Approach:


Q29. ‘Right to Privacy’ is protected under which Article of the Constitution of India?

(a) Article 15

(b) Article 19

(c) Article 21

(d) Article 29

Difficulty level: 

Approach:


Q30. Consider the following statement:

  1. In India, there is no law restricting the candidates from contesting in one Lok Sabha election from three constituencies.
  2. In 1991 Lok Sabha Election, Shri Devi Lal contested from three Lok Sabha constituencies.
  3. As per the existing rules, if a candidate contests in one Lok Sabha election from many constituencies, his/her party should bear the cost of bye-election to the constituencies vacated by him/her in the event of him/her winning in all the constituencies.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3

(d) 2 and 3

Difficulty level: 

Approach: