UPSC Prelims 2021: Questions from Art and Culture, Ancient History, Medieval History, Modern History

Total Number of Questions = 22

Questions covered by Synopsis IAS Courses = 19.

Here are the UPSC Prelims 2021 questions and solutions for these subjects.



Q5. With reference to India, the terms ‘Halbi, Ho and Kui’ pertain to

(a) dance forms of Northwest India

(b) musical instruments

(c) pre-historic cave paintings

(d) tribal languages

Difficulty level: Easy. Direct hit from 20-20 and 50-50 Series. Topic “L 10.1 Tribes, with special emphasis on PVTGs”

Approach:

  • UPSC asks such questions almost every year. In such questions, you need to identify any one of the terms.
  • Ho is relatively easier to recognise as an language. (See the lecture screenshot)

 


 

Q6. Consider the following statements in respect of Bharat Ratna and Padma Awards:

1. Bharat Ratna and Padma Awards are titles under the Article 18(1) of the Constitution of India.
2. Padma Awards, which were instituted in the year 1954, were suspended only once. Twice Suspended
3. The number of Bharat Ratna Awards is restricted to a maximum of five in a particular year. Three (See screenshot)
Which of the above statements are not correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1, 2 and 3

Difficulty level: Tough. Direct hit from Synopsis IAS courses.

Approach:

  • Statement 1 is easy. This is covered in any book of Polity.
  • Statement 3 is direct hit from Synopsis IAS PT 360 Course. This was in news.
  • Statement 2 was not in news and is not easy.
  • You should go for 50-50 technique after eliminating two statements.

 


Q51. With reference to the history of ancient India, Bhavabhuti, Hastimalla and Kshemeshvara were famous

(a) Jain monks

(b) playwrights

(c) temple architects

(d) philosophers


Q52. Consider the following statements;

  1. The Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms of 1919 recommended granting voting rights to all the women above the age of 21.
  2. The Government of India Act of 1935 gave women reserved seats in legislature.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Difficulty Level: Moderate. Direct hit from Synopsis IAS 20-20 and 50-50 Series course.

Approach

  • Statement 1 is incorrect: Under Government of India Acr 1919, the Franchise (Right of voting) was granted to the limited number of only those who paid a certain minimum “Tax” to the government. No such rights were extended ‘All to women above 21’.
  • Statement 2 is correct: The act of 1935 provided separate electorates for women, women and labourers.
    • A separate electorate meant that not only were the seats reserved for a specific group, but voting for the reserved constituency was allowed for only members of that specific community. (This is explained many times in class)

 

 


Q53. With reference to 8th August, 1942 in Indian history, which one of the following statements is correct?

(a) The Quit India Resolution was adopted by the AICC.

(b) The Viceroy’s Executive Council was expanded to include more Indians.

(c) The Congress ministries resigned in seven provinces.

(d) Cripps proposed an Indian Union with full Dominion Status once the Second World War was over.

 

 


Q54. Who among the following is associated with ‘Songs from Prison’, a translation of ancient Indian religious lyrics in English?

(a) Bal Gangadhar Tilak

(b) Jawaharlal Nehru

(c) Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

(d) Sarojini Naidu


Q55. With reference to medieval India, which one of the following is the correct sequence in ascending order in terms of size?

(a) Paragana—Sarkar—Suba

(b) Sarkar—Paragana—Suba

(c) Suba—Sarkar—Paragana

(d) Paragana—SubsSarkar

 

Difficulty Level: Tough. Direct Hit from 2 courses of Synopsis IAS: “20-20 and 50-50 Series”, and “GS Prelims Classroom”

Approach:

Question is asking ascending order. Do not make a mistake here.

Easy question from Medieval history, if you have read the book. Else impossible to solve.

 

 


Q56. Who among the following was associated as Secretary with Hindu Female School which later came to be known as Bethune Female School?

(a) Annie Besant

(b) Debendranath Tagore

(c) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar

(d) Sarojini Naidu

 


Q57. In the context of Colonial India, Shah Nawaz Khan, Prem Kumar Sehgal and Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon are remembered as

(a) leaders of Swadeshi and Boycott Movement

(b) members of the Interim Government in 1946

(c) members of the Drafting Committee in the Constituent Assembly

(d) officers of the Indian National Army

 

 


Q58. With reference to Indian history, which of the following statements is/ are correct?

  1. The Nizamat of Arcot emerged out of Hyderabad State.
  2. The Mysore Kingdom emerged out of Vijayanagara Empire.
  3. Rohilkhand Kingdom was formed out of the territories occupied by Ahmad Shah Durrani.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 and 2

(b) 2 only

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 3 only

 

 

 


Q59. Which one of the following statements is correct?

(a) Ajanta Caves lie in the gorge of Waghora river.

(b) Sanchi Stupa lies in the gorge of Chambal river.

(c) Pandu-lena Cave Shrines lie in the gorge of Narmada river.

(d) Amaravati Stupa lies in the gorge of Godavari river.


Q60. Consider the following statements:

  1. 21st February is declared to be the International Mother Language Day by UNICEF.
  2. The demand that Bangla has to be one of the national languages was raised in the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(e) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

 

Difficulty level: Tough. A direct hit from Synopsis IAS Course “Mains Seat Guarantee Programme (MSGP)” 

Approach:

  • For statement 2:
    • In History questions, it is very difficult to establish negative facts. To solve such questions in History, do like this: Just reverse the affirmative statements and check the validity of the negative statements.
    • Lets assume that ‘The demand that Bangla has to be one of the national languages was not raised in the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan.”
    • We know that each and every question of even little importance is raised in Constituent Assembly debates.
    • Now can it be said with confidence that the Bangla factor, which ultimately led to partition of Pakistan, was not even raised in the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan?
    • Can any historian write this confidently? You will arrive at the answer.
  • This method of solving history questions is taught in MSGP course by Krishna Sir
  • For statement 1:
    • UNICEF is an organisation of Children. A children’s organisation has nothing to do with International Mother Language Day. Role of UNICEF is covered by any of the coaching compilations. We have covered it in International Relations PT 360 Course.
    •  You have the answer now.

 


Q61.With reference to Chausath Yogini Temple situated near Morena, consider the following statements :

  1. It is a circular temple built during the reign of Kachchhapaghata Dynasty.
  2. It is the only circular temple built in India. [How can it be possible]. Eliminate this statement, and you have the answer.
  3. It was meant to promote the Vaishnava cult in the region.
  4. Its design has given rise to a popular belief that it was the inspiration behind the Indian Parliament building.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) 1 and 2

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 4

(d) 2, 3 and 4

 

Difficulty level: Tough. A direct hit from Synopsis IAS Course “Mains Seat Guarantee Programme (MSGP)” 

Approach:

  • In History questions, it is very difficult to establish negative facts. To solve such questions in History, do like this: Just reverse the affirmative statements and check the validity of the negative statements.
  • Can it be said with confidence that A temple is the only circular temple built in India? Can any historian write this confidently? You will arrive at the answer.
  • This method of solving history questions is taught in MSGP course by Krishna Sir.

 


Q62. Which one of the following ancient towns is well-known for its elaborate system of water harvesting and management by building a series of dams and channelizing water into water reservoirs?

(a) Dholavira

(b) Kalibangan

(b) Rakhigarhi

(c) Ropar

 


Q63. In the first quarter of seventeenth century, in which of the following was/were the factory/factories of the English East India Company located?

  1. Broach
  2. Chicacole
  3. Trichinopoly

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 3 only

(d) 2 and 3

 


Q64. From the decline of Guptas until the rise of Harshvardhan in the early seventh century, which of the following kingdoms were holding power in Northern India?

  1. The Guptas of Magadha
  2. The Paramaras of Malwa
  3. The Pushyabhutis of Thanesar
  4. The Maukharis of Kanauj
  5. The Yadavas of Devagiri
  6. The Maitrakas of Valabhi

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1, 2 and 5

(b) 1, 3, 4 and 6

(c) 2, 3 and 4

(d) 5 and 6

 


Q65. According to Portuguese writer Nuniz, the women in Vijayanagara Empire were expert in which of the following areas?

  1. Wrestling
  2. Astrology
  3. Accounting
  4. Soothsaying

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 1, 3 and 4 only

(c) 2 arid 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Difficulty level: Tough. A direct hit from Synopsis IAS Course “Mains Seat Guarantee Programme (MSGP)” 

Approach:

  • In History questions, it is very difficult to establish negative facts. To solve such questions in History, do like this: Just reverse the affirmative statements and check the validity of the negative statements.
    • Lets assume that “Nuniz did not write about the women in Vijayanagara Empire any of the given areas.”
    • Now can it be said with confidence that the if he wrote about two or three points, he did not discuss about other factors.
    • Can any historian write this confidently? You will arrive at the answer.
  • This method of solving history questions is taught in MSGP course by Krishna Sir

 


Q66. With reference to Madanapalle of Andhra Pradesh, which one of the following statements is correct?

(a) Pingali Venkayya designed the tricepour Indian National Flag here.

(b) Pattabhi Sitaramaiah led the Quit India Movement of Andhra region from here.

(c) Rabindranath Tagore translated the National Anthem from Bengali to English here.

(d) Madame Blavatsky and Colonel Olcott set up headquarters of Theosophical Society first here.

 


67. Consider the following pairs:

( Historical place)                 (Well-known far)

  1. Burzahom: Rock-cut shrines
  2. Chandra- ketugarh: Terracotta art
  3. Ganeshwar: Copper artefacts

Which of the pairs given above is /are correctly matched?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 3 only

(d) 2 and 3

 

Difficulty level: Tough

Direct hit from CS Classroom and 20-20 & 50-50 Series.

Approach:

  • Statement 1: In Burzahome, pit dwelling, course grey pottery etc. were found. Rock-cut shrines are nowhere found here. This statement is wrong. (See the screenshot) Means, option (a) and (b) can be eliminated.
  • Statement 2: This is not found in general study materials.
  • Statement 3: This is correct. (See the screenshot)

 

 

 


Q68. Consider the following statements

  1. It was during the reign of Iltutrnish that Chengiz Khan reached the Indus in pursuit of the fugitive Khwarezm prince.
  2. It was during the reign of Muhammad bin Tughluq that Tairnur occupied Multan and crossed the Indus.
  3. It was during the reign of Deva Raya II of Vijayanagara Empire that Vasco da Gama reached the coast of Kerala.

Which of the statements given above is/arc correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 3 only

(d) 2 and 3

 


Q 69. Consider the following statements :

  1. St. Francis Xavier was one of the founding members of the Jesuit Order.
  2. St. Francis Xavier died in Goa and a church is dedicated to him there.
  3. The Feast of St. Francis Xavier is celebrated in Goa each year.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3


Q70. With reference to the history of ancient India, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. Mitakshara was the civil law for upper castes and Dayabhaga was the civil law for lower castes.
  2. In the Mitakshara system, the sons can claim right to the property during the lifetime of the father, whereas in the Dayabhaga system, it is only after the death of the father that the sons can claim right to the property.
  3. The Mitakshara system deals with the matters related to the property held by male members only of a family, whereas the Dayabhaga system deals with the matters related to the Property held by both male and female members of a family.

Select the correct answer using code given below,

(a) 1 and 2

(b) 2 only

(c) 1 and 3

(d) 3 only

Difficulty Level: Tough. Direct Hit from MSGP 3. This was asked in Prelims 1995 (Art and culture).

Approach

  • You can eliminate statement 1. Hence, options (a) and (c) are eliminated. Mitakshara was the law of inheritance, and not civil law.
  • Now you are left with options (b) and (d). You need to use 50/50 approach.