UPSC Sociology Optional 2021 Papers | Analysis and Approach

Sociology Optional 2021 Paper 1 and Paper 2 UPSC

UPSC Sociology Optional 2021 Papers (Paper 1 and 2) approach and solution for ‘How to Prepare for Geography Optional’ lies in Previous Year Paper.

 

 

Here are the UPSC Sociology Optional 2021 Papers.

Sociology Optional 2021 Paper 1 SECTION A
1. (a) Europe was the first and the only place where modernity emerged. Comment. (2021/10 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated theme.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.

Watch this video. This guidance video is centered on modernity.

1. (b) Do you think ethnomethodology helps us in getting reliable and valid data? Justify your answer. (2021/10 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated theme.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.

1.(c) Discuss the challenges involved in collecting data through census method. (2021/10 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated theme. This time they have directly asked about census.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.

1. (d) Explain whether Durkheim’s theory of Division of Labour is relevant in the present day context. (2021/10 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated Question.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.
  • Watch the video linked in question 1 (a). We have advised to cover the present day relevance or applicability for the theories and principles.

1. (e) Critically examine Max Weber’s theory of Social Stratification. (2021/10 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated Question.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.

2. (a) From the viewpoint of growing importance of multidisciplinary, how do you relate sociology to other social sciences? (2021/20 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated Question.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.

2. (b) How far are sociologists justified in using positivist approach to understand social reality? Explain with suitable illustrations. (2021/20 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated Question.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.

2. (c) How is sociology related to common sense? (2021/10 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated Question.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.

3. (a) How do qualitative and quantitative methods supplement each other in sociological enquiry? (2021/20 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated Question.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.

3. (b) Critically examine the dialectics involved in each mode of production as propounded by Karl Marx. (2021/20 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated Question.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.

3. (c) Do you agree with Max Weber’s idea that bureaucracy has the potential to become an iron cage? Justify your answer. (2021/10 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated theme.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.

4. (a) Explain the concept of social mobility. Describe with suitable illustrations how education and social mobility are related to each other. (2021/20 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated Question.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.

4. (b) How has the idea of ‘Work From Home’ forced us to redefine the formal and informal organisation of work? (2021/20 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated theme.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.

4. (c) With suitable examples, explain how conformity and deviance coexist in a society as propounded by R.K. Merton. (2021/10 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated Question.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.

Sociology Optional 2021 Paper 1 SECTION B

5. (a) Explain the emerging challenges in establishing gender equality in the informal sector. (2021/10 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated Question.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.

Sociology Optional Paper 1 5a

5. (b) Critically examine the relevance of Vilfredo Pareto’s theory of Circulation of Elites in the present scenario. (2021/10 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated Question.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.
  • Watch the video linked in question 1 (a). We have advised to cover the present day relevance or applicability for the theories and principles.

Sociology Optional Paper 1 5b

5. (c) Critically compare the views of E.B. Tylor and Max Muller on Religion. (2021/10 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated theme.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.

Sociology Optional Paper 1 5c

5. (d) What is cult? Explain the growth of cults in the contemporary world. (2021/10 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated theme.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.

Sociology Optional Paper 1 5d

5. (e) Do you think Talcott Parsons gave an adequate theory of social change? Justify your answer. (2021/10 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated Question.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.

Sociology Optional Paper 1 5e parson

6. (a) Elucidate the main problems and challenges faced by the migrant labourers in the recent ‘Lockdown period’. (2021/20 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated Question.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.

Sociology Optional Paper 1 6a

6. (b) Explain how political parties and pressure groups are dialectically related to each other in terms of achieving their goals. (2021/20 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated Question.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.

Sociology Optional Paper 1 6b

6. (c) Give your comments on the growth of religious revivalism in the present day context. (2021/10 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated Question.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.
  • Watch the video linked in question 1 (a). We have advised to cover the present day relevance or applicability for the theories and principles.

Sociology Optional Paper 1 6c

7. (a) Explain how the pattern of patriarchy is being altered in a family and at the workplace in the present context. (2021/20 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated Question.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.
  • Watch the video linked in question 1 (a). We have advised to cover the present day relevance or applicability for the theories and principles.

Sociology Optional Paper 1 7a

7. (b) Critically examine the contribution of dependency theories in understanding the present global scenario. (2021/20 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated Question.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.
  • Watch the video linked in question 1 (a). We have advised to cover the present day relevance or applicability for the theories and principles.

7. (c) Explain the growing salience of ethnicity in the contemporary world with illustrations. (2021/10 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated theme.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.

Sociology Optional Paper 1 7 P1

8. (a) Discuss the changing nature of kinship relations in the contemporary world. (2021/20 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated theme.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.

Sociology Optional Paper 1 8a

8.(b) Describe the role of Science and Technology in enabling us to face the challenges triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic. (2021/20 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated Question.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.

Sociology Optional Paper 1 8b

8.(c) Highlight the roles and functions of civil society in a democratic system. (2021/10 marks)

Approach

  • A Repeated Question.
  • Can be solved from Previous Year Paper and from Synopsis IAS Notes.

Sociology Optional Paper 1 8c

 

 

To get an approach for the UPSC Sociology Optional 2021 Papers, Watch Video: Click here . You will definitely score 300+ in Sociology Optional and 150+ in Sociology Optional Paper 1 in 2021, 2022 or in any attempt.

 

 

 

Sociology Optional 2021 Paper 2 SECTION A

1. (a) Caste system studies in India have been dominated by the “book-view” initially. How did the entry of “field-view” bring about a balance in the study of Indian caste system? Discuss. (2021/10 marks)

Approach

 

 

1. (b) What does Dr. B. R. Ambedkar mean by the concept of “Annihilation of caste”? (2021/10 marks)

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1.(c) Discuss different forms of kinship system in India. (2021/10 marks)

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1. (d) Critically examine briefly the phrase “Little Republics” as used to denote India’s villages. (2021/10 marks)

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1. (e) Caste-like formations are present in Non-Hindu religious communities as well. Discuss with examples. (2021/10 marks)

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2. (a) What is identity politics? Discuss the main trends in Dalit movements in India. (2021/20 marks)

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2. (b) Is Indian society moving from “Hierarchy” towards “differentiation”? Illustrate your answer with suitable examples. (2021/20 marks)

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2. (c) Discuss the salient features of ‘new middle class’ in India. (2021/10 marks)

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3. (a) Discuss in detail the major contribution of Prof. Yogendra Singh in theorizing India’s modernization. (2021/20 marks)

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3. (b) Examine the factors responsible for the rural unrest in contemporary India. (2021/20 marks)

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3. (c) Discuss the changing dimensions of family structure in urban India. (2021/10 marks)

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4. (a) What are the sociological reasons and implication of “reverse migration” during the recent pandemic in India? (2021/20 marks)

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4. (b) Discuss the main features of the debate between G. S. Ghurye and V. Elwin on tribal development. (2021/20 marks)

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4. (c) What are the various forms of untouchability in India? Critically examine. (2021/10 marks)

Approach

 

Sociology Optional 2021 Paper 2 SECTION B

5. (a) Analyze the idea of developmental planning in India. (2021/10 marks)

Approach

 

5. (b) Comment on the role of co-operatives in rural development. (2021/10 marks)

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5. (c) Urban slums are sites of social exclusion – explain. (2021/10 marks)

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5. (d) Does regionalism essentially lead to decentralization of power? Substantiate your answer with relevant examples. (2021/10 marks)

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5. (e) Discuss the role of technology in agrarian change in India. (2021/10 marks)

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6. (a) Explain the sociological significance of the New Education Policy and its thrust on vocationalization and skill development. (2021/20 marks)

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6. (b) Is ‘ageing’ an emerging issue in Indian society? Discuss the major problems of the old age people in India. (2021/20 marks)

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6. (c) Underline the socio-cultural factors responsible for India’s skewed sex-ratio. (2021/10 marks)

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7. (a) The problem of displacement is inherent in the idea of development. Analyze the statement critically. (2021/20 marks)

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7. (b) Rising ‘ethnocentricism’ is leading to conflict in our society. Assess this statement with appropriate reasons. (2021/20 marks)

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7. (c) Is social democracy a precondition for political democracy? Comment. (2021/10 marks)

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8. (a) Discuss the role of social media in communal polarisation. Suggest ways to combat it. (2021/20 marks)

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8.(b) Urban settlements in India tend to replicate its rural caste-kinship imprints. Discuss the main reasons. (2021/20 marks)

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8.(c) Does “economic empowerment” automatically bring about “substantive empowerment” for women? Briefly describe the main issues in women empowerment in India. (2021/10 marks)

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