Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) [PHASE II]

  • SBM – Gramin: Launched by the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS), Ministry of Jal Shakti.
  • To improve the general quality of life by promoting cleanliness, hygiene, and eliminating open defecation.
  • Toilet access: ensuring that no one is left behind.
  • To adopt sustainable sanitation practices.
  • To develop community managed sanitation systems focusing on scientific solid waste management.
  • ODF Plus: It includes ODF sustainability, and Solid and Liquid Waste Management (SLWM).
  • To ensure effective SLWM in every Gram Panchayat.
  • Funding: by converging different financing verticals.
  • Fund sharing between Centre and States:
    • 90:10 for North-Eastern, and Himalayan States, J&K
    • 60:40 for other States
    • 100:0 for other Union Territories.
  • Funding norms for SLWM: changed to per capita basis in place of the number of households.
  • Community Managed Sanitary Complex at village level: Financial assistance to Gram Panchayats is increased.
  • The incentive of Rs.12,000/- for Individual Household Toilet to the newly emerging eligible households.
  • New National Biogas and Organic Manure Programme (NNBOMP) scheme
  • Sustainable Alternative Towards the Affordable Transportation (SATAT) Scheme for GOBAR-Dhan projects.



Swachh Manch web portal

  • Launched under the SBM.
  • Volunteering opportunities: to bring together every stakeholder under a common platform.
  • pictorial evidence upload: citizens, participating organizations.
  • To integrate the existing Swachhata App: to act as a citizens’ grievance redressal platform.



Swachh Survekshan

  • It is a ranking exercise to assess rural and urban areas for their levels of cleanliness, and active implementation of Swachh Bharat mission.

Implementing bodies

  • Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs in urban areas
  • Ministry of Jal Shakti in rural areas.
  • Quality Council of India (QCI): carrying out assessment.


  • To encourage large scale citizen participation
  • To create awareness
  • To foster a spirit of healthy competition among towns and cities.
  • 2020 Report: rankings based on the population categorization of cities, instead of releasing overall rankings.


Rashtriya Swachhata Kendra (RSK)

  • Under the Swachh Bharat Mission.

    Journey of country from Satyagraha to Swachchagrah.

    World’s largest behaviour change campaign.


Lancet Study on Population Trends

  • The global population is projected to peak at 10 billion in 2064.
  • Decline to 8.8 billion by 2100.

PM Street Vendor’s Atma Nirbhar Nidhi scheme

  • Launched by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.
  • SIDBI: Implementation Agency.
    • SIDBI will manage the credit guarantee to the lending institutions.
    • through Credit Guarantee Fund Trust for Micro and Small Enterprises (CGTMSE).


Atal Bimit Vyakti Kalyan Yojana

  • Launched by the Employee’s State Insurance (ESI).
  • To financially support those who lost their jobs for whatsoever reasons due to changing employment pattern.
  • Eligibility criteria is relaxed.



PM Employment Generation Program (PMEGP)

  • A central sector scheme; by the Ministry of MSME.
  • It is a credit-linked subsidy scheme: It promotes self-employment through setting up of micro-enterprises.
  • Subsidy up to 35% is provided for loans up to ₹25 lakhs in manufacturing and ₹10 lakhs in the service sector.


  • At State Level- State Khadi and Village Industries Boards (KVIBs), District Industries Centres (DICs) and banks.
  • Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) at National Level.




  • Next Generation Start-up Challenge Contest.
  • Launched by Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
  • To boost startups and software products with special focus on Tier-II towns.


Great Andamanese tribes

  • They speak the Jeru dialect.
  • 5 PVTGS of Andamans: Great Andamanese, Jar was, Onges, Shompens, and North Sentinelese.
  • Population:51. COVID-19 positive: 10



Digital Quality of Life Index

Released by Surfshark, a virtual private network (VPN) provider based in the British Virgin Islands.


  • Internet affordability and quality
  • Electronic infrastructure
  • security and government



SKOCH Gold Award

  • Ministry of Tribal Affairs has received it.
  • For the “Empowerment of Tribals through IT-enabled Scholarship Schemes project.
  • SKOCH Awards: highest civilian honor in the country conferred by an independent organization.



Smart India Hackathon 2020

  • To provide students with a platform to solve some of the pressing problems people face in daily lives.
  • Organised by: MHRD, AICTE,Persistent Systems and i4c.




  • mygov.in is the GoI’s citizen engagement and crowdsourcing platform.



Namath Basai

  • Kerala’s programme for teaching tribal children in their mother tongue.


Millennium Alliance

  • It is an innovation-driven and impact-focused initiative.
  • To identify, test, and scale Indian innovations that address global development solutions.
  • Public-Private Partnership: Department of Science and Technology, FICCI, USAID, UK