June 26: International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking.

Drug abuse: It is the use of certain chemicals for the purpose of creating pleasurable effects on the brain.

  • Substances of abuse include alcohol, cocaine, opiates, amphetamines, hallucinogens, and over-the-counter drug abuse.

World Drug Report 2020 released by UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).

  • It outlined the possible consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on Illegal Drug Production, Supply and Consumption.

 

 

Golden Triangle and Golden Crescent

Two major opium producing regions of the world.

 

Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985

  • To control and regulation of operations relating to narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances.
  • Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB) was constituted as nodal drug law enforcement and intelligence agency.
  • Responsible for fighting drug trafficking and the abuse of illegal substances.

 

 

National Action Plan for Drug Demand Reduction (NAPDDR) for 2018-2025

  • By Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.

 

Nasha Mukt Bharat: Annual Action Plan (2020-21)

  • E-launched by Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
  • For 272 most affected districts.
  • To reach out to Children and Youth for awareness.
  • Supporting Government Hospitals to open De-addiction Centers.

 

 

International collaboration on drugs

  • India is a signatory to the three UN Conventions:
    • Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961
    • Convention on Psychotropic Substances, 1971
    • Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances, 1988.
  • BIMSTEC Conference on Combating Drug Trafficking: launched by India.