Nanoparticles (NPs)

  • Nanoparticles: particles that range in size from 1 to 100 nm at least in one
  • High surface-to-volume ratio: It leads to unexpected optical, physical and chemical
  • Gold Nanoparticles: it is biocompatible, stabile, non-toxic
    • Can be used in targeted drug
    • Useful in electronics industry
  • News: successful synthesis of GNPs using psychrotolerant Antarctic bacteria by National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research, and Goa


  • These are nanomaterials that display enzyme-like characteristics.
  • They can disintegrate the cell membranes of diseases causing
  • It can act against antibiotic resistance.

Molybdenum dioxide (MoO2)

  • Electrolytic splitting of water can generate hydrogen.
  • But, it requires huge energy input; which can be reduced in presence of a
  • MoO2 nanomaterials catalyst annealed inhydrogen atmosphere can reduce energy input.

National Nano Mission, 2007.

  • To use nanotechnology for safe drinking water, material development, sensors development, drug delivery,
  • Department of Science and Technology (DST): nodal agency.

Nano-Agri-Input Products (NAIPs)

  • Agricultural inputs containing nanomaterials.
  • Application on crop for farming through soil, seed, foliar and drip etc.

Nano-Agri Products (NAPs)

  • Agricultural preparation containing nanomaterials.
  • Improves nutraceutical

Nanoparticles with chitosan

  • Chitosan is a natural polysaccharide obtained from the exoskeleton of crustaceans and is biodegradable, biocompatible, non-toxic, and mucoadhesive in
  • It can be used for Rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disorder. Zinc levels are reported to get reduced in such
  • Nanoparticles with chitosan are loaded with zinc for reducing the severity of rheumatoid
  • Developed by: Institute of Nano Science & Technology, Mohali.
    • Autonomous institute of Department of Science and Technology.


  • A Nano-technology based disinfectant spray to combat COVID-19.