• Formed in 2020 amidst CoVID-19.
    • Objective: For assistance relating to a public health emergency or any other kind of emergency, calamity or distress either man-made or natural.
    • Prime Minister is the ex-officio Chairman of the Board of Trustees.
    • ex-officio Trustees: Minister of Defence, Minister of Home Affairs and Minister of Finance.
    • Chairman (Prime Minister) can nominate three trustees; from eminent persons in the field of research, health, science, social work etc.
    • Any person appointed a Trustee shall act in a pro bono capacity.
    • Contributions: only voluntary contributions.
    • Exemption under FCRA: so has also received foreign contributions.
    • Disbursement of the fund: subject to the criterion/rules laid down by the trustees.
    • Donations to Fund: qualify for 80G benefits for 100% exemption under the Income Tax Act, 1961. Also counted as Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) expenditure.
    • Audit: by independent auditors who will be appointed by the trustees.


  • A petition was filed challenging the legality and the functioning of the PM-CARES Fund.
  • The petition cited the existence of the PM National Relief Fund (PMNRF).
  • It was dismissed by the Supreme Court.

Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund (PMNRF)

    • Formed by Pt. Nehru in 1948.
    • Originally created to assist displaced persons from Pakistan.
    • Now it provides assistance
      • for calamities. Eg. floods, earthquakes and riots victims.
      • For medical treatment eg. heart surgeries, acid attack etc.
    • Contributions: Only voluntary donations.
    • Exemption under the FCRA so has also received foreign contributions.
    • Fund Disbursement: subject to the discretion of the Prime Minister.
    • Recognized as a Trust under the Income Tax Act with Prime Minister as the Chairman.
    • Donations to Fund: qualify for 80G benefits for 100% exemption under the Income Tax Act, 1961. Also counted as CSR expenditure.
    • Audit: by an independent auditor outside the Government.



Kris Gopalakrishnan committee

      • Committee for Non-Personal Data (NPD) Governance Framework.
      • The report defines three broad purposes for data sharing: sovereign, public interest and economic purpose.

      Key recommendations

      • Create Non-Personal Data Authority with regulatory powers.
      • Define roles and stakeholders like defining Data custodians, Data Principals, Data Trustees, etc.
      • Localization of sensitive NPD in line with Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019.
      • Requirement of consent for anonymisation and usage of NPD.
      • Classifications of non-personal data: The draft report classifies as:
        • Public non-personal data: All data collected by government. Eg.census, tax receipts etc.
        • Community non-personal data: any data about a set of people.
        • Private non-personal data: data produced by individuals. It is further sub-classified into
        • Sensitive nonpersonal data
        • Critical non-personal data



India Data Portal

  • It is one-stop open data portal.
  • To collate government data, scattered across multiple sources.
  • In the first phase, the focus is on agriculture data.

Bureau of Outreach and Communication (BOC)

    • Set up in 2017 by merging
      • Directorate of Advertising and Visual Publicity (DAVP),
      • Directorate of Field Publicity (DFP), and
      • Song & Drama Division (S&DD).
    • Works towards creating an informed citizenry.
    • Disseminate information on schemes and programmes of the Government of India, using different Media Vehicles.
    • Draft policy guidelines for empanelment of social media platforms with BoC for Center’s paid outreach campaigns.
      • Issued by Ministry of Information & Broadcasting.



National Panchayati Raj Day

  • 24th April: The day on which 73rd Constitution Amendment Act, 1992 came into force in 1993.


  • To prepare and execute Gram Panchayat Development Plans.
  • A major step towards digitization down to GP level.



Swamitva scheme

    • To map rural inhabited lands using latest survey methods. Eg. Drones.
    • To streamlined planning, revenue collection, disputes over property rights.
    • Property related disputes settlement.
    • Launched in pilot mode in 6 states.


Village Volunteer System of Andhra Pradesh

    • A new department of Gram Volunteers.
    • In towns, ward volunteers have been appointed.
    • A Village Secretariat is set up for a population of 2000.
    • Each volunteer is paid Rs. 5000 per month. He has to ensure that benefits reach the people in 50 households in village.