Lok Adalat

  • Chhattisgarh became the first state to inaugurate ‘e-Lok Adalat’.
  • Lok Adalat is one of the alternative dispute redressal mechanisms.
  • Disputes pending in the court of law or at the pre-litigation stage are settled amicably.
  • Statutory status under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987.
  • Its award is deemed to be a decree of a civil court, which is final and binding on all parties and no appeal before any court of law.

Contempt of Court

    • Contempt refers to the offence of disrespecting the dignity or authority of a court.
    • Rationale: courts must be protected from tendentious attacks that lower its authority.
    • Recently, Supreme Court held Prashant Bhushan as guilty of contempt of court.
      • Reason: Comments on social media, targeting Chief Justice of India.


Online Justice Delivery

  • Supreme Court passed directions for all courts to use video-conferencing COVID-19 pandemic.

Legal Information Management & Briefing System (LIMBS)

  • A web-based portal by the Department of Legal Affairs, Ministry of Law & Justice.
  • It an online database of government-related litigation with details of 3 lakh cases.
  • Aims to eventually bring information on all government-related cases to the database.

e-Courts Mission Mode Project

  • It is a Pan-India Project for the District Courts and subordinate courts.
  • By Department of Justice, Ministry of Law and Justice.
  • Online case management: eg. registration of cases, case list, final orders, judgments, etc.

National Judicial Data Grid

  • A web portal having data related to the number of cases pending in any court.

Judicial Service Centre

  • Established at all computerized courts.
  • A single window for filing petitions.
  • To obtain information on ongoing cases, judgments, etc.

e-Committee of Supreme Court

  • Constituted by the GoI in the Supreme Court.
  • To assist the Chief Justice of India in formulating a National policy on computerization of Indian Judiciary.
  • Established re-engineering committees in High Courts

Interoperable Criminal Justice System (ICJS)

To integrate the following pillars of criminal justice system

  • The Crime and Criminals Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS)
  • e-Courts and e-Prisons databases
  • forensics, prosecution and juvenile homes.

All-India Judicial Services

      • Law ministry has decided to expedite the consultation process for All India Judicial Service by March 2022.

      All India Judicial Service (AIJS)

      • In 1976, Article 312 was modified to include judicial services. (on Swaran Singh Committee Recommendations)
      • Objective:
        • To create a centralized cadre of District Judges
        • Recruited centrally through an all-India examination.
        • Allocated to states on lines of All India Services