- Chhattisgarh became the first state to inaugurate ‘e-Lok Adalat’.
- Lok Adalat is one of the alternative dispute redressal mechanisms.
- Disputes pending in the court of law or at the pre-litigation stage are settled amicably.
- Statutory status under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987.
- Its award is deemed to be a decree of a civil court, which is final and binding on all parties and no appeal before any court of law.
Contempt of Court
- Contempt refers to the offence of disrespecting the dignity or authority of a court.
- Rationale: courts must be protected from tendentious attacks that lower its authority.
- Recently, Supreme Court held Prashant Bhushan as guilty of contempt of court.
- Reason: Comments on social media, targeting Chief Justice of India.
Online Justice Delivery
- Supreme Court passed directions for all courts to use video-conferencing COVID-19 pandemic.
Legal Information Management & Briefing System (LIMBS)
- A web-based portal by the Department of Legal Affairs, Ministry of Law & Justice.
- It an online database of government-related litigation with details of 3 lakh cases.
- Aims to eventually bring information on all government-related cases to the database.
e-Courts Mission Mode Project
- It is a Pan-India Project for the District Courts and subordinate courts.
- By Department of Justice, Ministry of Law and Justice.
- Online case management: eg. registration of cases, case list, final orders, judgments, etc.
National Judicial Data Grid
- A web portal having data related to the number of cases pending in any court.
Judicial Service Centre
- Established at all computerized courts.
- A single window for filing petitions.
- To obtain information on ongoing cases, judgments, etc.
e-Committee of Supreme Court
- Constituted by the GoI in the Supreme Court.
- To assist the Chief Justice of India in formulating a National policy on computerization of Indian Judiciary.
- Established re-engineering committees in High Courts
Interoperable Criminal Justice System (ICJS)
To integrate the following pillars of criminal justice system
- The Crime and Criminals Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS)
- e-Courts and e-Prisons databases
- forensics, prosecution and juvenile homes.
All-India Judicial Services
- Law ministry has decided to expedite the consultation process for All India Judicial Service by March 2022.
All India Judicial Service (AIJS)
- In 1976, Article 312 was modified to include judicial services. (on Swaran Singh Committee Recommendations)
- To create a centralized cadre of District Judges
- Recruited centrally through an all-India examination.
- Allocated to states on lines of All India Services