The revised schedule for the Monsoon session of the Parliament

  • As per the revised schedule, there will be no Question Hour.
  • MPs can ask Unstarred questions.
  • Also, Zero Hour will be restricted in both Houses.
  • Released by Business Advisory Committee
  • Business Advisory Committee: It regulates the programme and timetable of the House.


  • Quorum in parliament: It is 1/10th of total number of members in each House including the presiding officer. (Article 100(3).
  • Quorum in committees: One third Committee members should be present for the quorum to constitute a sitting of the Committee.
    • Quorum is essential only when committees are taking decisions or adopting reports, and not for routine deliberations. – Rajya Sabha secretariat.


Fifth World Conference of Speakers of Parliament

    • Organized jointly by Inter- Parliamentary Union (IPU), and Parliament of Austria with support of UN.
    • It is being organized in virtual mode.


    • Established in 1889 as an international organization of parliaments.
    • To foster coordination among parliaments of all countries.


Governor’s power to summon Assembly session

      • If chief minister enjoys majority, Governor has no discretion in the matter of summoning the house under Article 174. He is bound to act on the advice of the cabinet. -Supreme court

      Recent Rajasthan controversy:

      • Due to the Governor’s refusal to summon a session as desired by the Council of Ministers.
      • Governor’s insistence on 21-day notice: Rule of 21-day notice for the session was set by Lok Sabha, and adapted by State legislatures.
      • Later it changed to 15 days.
      • However, many times sessions have been convened at shorter notice.


Powers of Lieutenant Governor

  • LG of Puducherry cannot interfere in the day-to-day administrationof the Union Territory when there is an elected government. – Earlier ruling of Single Judge Bench of Madras High Court in 2019.
  • Madras High Court has set aside this judgment: Centre will take final decision in matters referred by the LG in case of difference of opinion with the UT Government.

Jammu & Kashmir Domicile Rules

  • Centre has defined these using J&K Reorganization Act, 2019.
  • Earlier, this power rested with legislative assembly of J&K.
  • The order provides protection to domiciles to “any post” in the government.
  • Earlier, all jobs were exclusively reserved for the permanent residents.

J&K Transaction of Business Rules

  • Ministry of Home Affairs notified Transaction of Business of the Government of Union Territory of J&K Rules, 2019.
  • Rules were notified under the J&K Reorganization Act, 2019.
  • Under the rules, police, public order, All India Services, and anti-corruption will fall under the executive functions of the Lieutenant Governor (LG).
  • Thus, the CM or Council of Ministers will have no say in their functioning.
  • In case of difference of opinion between the LG and a Minister, the decision of LG shall be deemed to be accepted by the Council of Ministers.

Rajya Sabha Elections

    • Election Commission extended the period of Rajya Sabha election beyond the prescribed term, due to COVID-19.
    • Invoked its powers under section 153 of ROPA, 1951.
      • Under this section, ECI can extend the time for the completion of any election.



Floor Test: Supreme Court Decision

    • Governor can direct Floor test even while House is in Session.
    • A Governor can call for a floor test any time he objectively feels a government in power has lost confidence of House.
    • However, the call for a trust vote is subject to judicial review.
    • Governor need not wait for Speaker’s decision on resignation of rebel MLAs before calling for a trust vote.


Floor test, the motion of confidence, a no-confidence motion

    • These three terms are used for the test of the majority.

      • Floor test: the governor can ask to prove the majority in the House.
      • The motion of confidence: If the government wants to demonstrate its strength on the floor of the House.
      • No confidence motion: If opposition parties can move such a motion.



Cabinet Committees

        • Functions of two recently created Cabinet committees were widened.
        • Changes were made by amending Governments of India Transaction of Business Rules, 1961.
          • Under Article 77(3), President made these Rules.

        Cabinet Committee on Investment and Growth

        • Function: to identify key projects required to be implemented on a time-bound basis
        • Recently Rs 1,000 crore limit is removed.
        • It also includes sector-specific reforms.

        Cabinet Committee on Employment and Skill Generation

        • Functions: to look at policies, programmes, and schemes for skill development and increasing employability.
        • Now, measures for increasing workforce participation.