Vishwaguru Basaveshwara or Basavanna

  • A 12th-century philosopher and social reformer.
  • Founder of Lingayatism or Lingayat Sect or Veerashaivism.
  • Vachana (poetry): His writings include his practical experiences.


Rajkumari Amrit Kaur

  • In TIME magazine’s list of the 100 most powerful women who defined the last century.
  • Involvement in Social work, women’s rights, etc.
  • All India Woman’s Conference: In 1927, she founded it with Margaret Cousins.
  • Delhi Women’s League (Delhi branch of AIWC): founded with Rameshwari Nehru.
  • Active part in the salt campaign.
  • Arrested for participation in the Dandi March.
  • Became a secretary to Mahatma Gandhi in 1930.
  • Condemned the Communal Award: moved a resolution at All India Women’s Conference in 1932.
  • Appointed member of the Advisory Board of Education by the British.
    • Resigned in 1942 in support of the Quit India Movement.
  • Constitution-Making: She was one of the 15 women Constituent Assembly Members.
  • The only woman in Independent India’s first Cabinet.
    • She was appointed as the Health Minister.
    • She introduced the AIIMS Bill, 1956.
  • Laid the foundation of Lady Irwin College.
  • Initiated the Tuberculosis Association of India and Central Leprosy Teaching and Research Institute in Madras.


Florence Nightingale

  • A British nurse, social reformer, and statistician.
  • Founder of modern nursing.
  • Also known as “Lady with the Lamp”
  • Established St. Thomas’ Hospital, London, and the Nightingale Training School for Nurses in 1860.
  • First health professionals to use data: to show that infection control improves health outcomes.
  • The first woman to be awarded the Order of Merit (1907).
  • 200th birth anniversary.
  • WHO has designated 2020 as “International Year of Nurse and Midwife.
  • International Nurses Day: annually on May 12 commemorating her birth.



Gopal Krishna Gokhale

  • Formed Servants of India Society in 1905
  • Founded Ranade Institute of Economics in 1908
  • Launched English weekly newspaper Hitavad in 1911.
  • Gandhi calls Gokhale his mentor and guide.



Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar

  • Organization: Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha, All India Scheduled Castes Federation, Depressed Classes Association, Independent Labor Party, Bharatiya Bauddha Mahasabha.
  • Literary work: Buddha and His Dhamma, Equality Janta, Annihilation of Caste, Federation Versus Freedom.



Purandara Dasa (1484- 1564)

  • A saint, poet and singer during the Vijayanagara empire.
  • Disciple of Vyasatirtha, Rajaguru of Vijayanagara empire.
  • Swami Haridas, teacher of Tansen,was his disciple.
  • Initiated Haridasa tradition: music and literary tradition followed by Vaishnavaits.
  • Regarded as the ‘Pitamaha’ of Carnatic music. He systemized method of teaching Carnatic music.
  • Introduced the raga Maya malava gowla: the basic scale for music instruction.
  • Kirtanas: written around 4.75 lakh devotional songs in Kannada.
  • He wrote under the pen name Purandara Vittala.



Abanindranath Tagore

150th Birth Anniversary

  • One of the most prominent artists of India.
  • Nephew of Rabindranath Tagore
  • A first major supporter of swadeshi values in art.
  • created the ‘Indian Society of Oriental Art’
  • established Bengal school of art.



Pandit Jasraj

  • One of the prominent Indian classical vocalists
  • Associated with Mewati gharana.
  • He was awarded Padma Vibhushan.
  • A master of haveli sangeet.


Mewati Gharana

  • It is a Khayal-based Hindustani Classical musical family
  • Founded in the late 19th Century in the Mewar region of Rajasthan.



Dr. Vikram Sarabhai

  • Father of the Indian space programme: Key role in establishing ISRO.
  • Founded Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) in Ahmedabad in 1947.
  • Was chairman of the AEC (Atomic Energy Commission).
  • Sarabhai Crater: ISRO named Moon Crate captured by Chandrayaan-2.


Narmada Shankar Dave (Narmad)

  • 187th birth anniversary.
  • A Gujarati poet, playwright and social reformer.
  • Founder of modern Gujarati literature.
  • His work was published in Dandio magazine

Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis

  • His birthday is celebrated as National Statistics Day.
  • Known as the father of Indian statistics.
  • He set up the Indian Statistical Institute in Kolkata in 1932.
  • Instrumental in formulating India’s second five-year-plan.
    • It laid the blueprint for industrialization in India.
  • Mahalanobis distance: a measure of comparison between two data sets



Mahatma Ayyankali (1863- 1941)

  • Social reformer from Travancore.
  • Belonged to an untouchable Pulaya caste.
  • Founded Sadhu Jana Paripalana Sangham:
    • association for protection of the poor.
    • It raised funds to start their own schools.
  • Became a member of the assembly of Travancore: Sree Moolam Popular Assembly or Praja Sabha.