Vishwaguru Basaveshwara or Basavanna
- A 12th-century philosopher and social reformer.
- Founder of Lingayatism or Lingayat Sect or Veerashaivism.
- Vachana (poetry): His writings include his practical experiences.
Rajkumari Amrit Kaur
- In TIME magazine’s list of the 100 most powerful women who defined the last century.
- Involvement in Social work, women’s rights, etc.
- All India Woman’s Conference: In 1927, she founded it with Margaret Cousins.
- Delhi Women’s League (Delhi branch of AIWC): founded with Rameshwari Nehru.
- Active part in the salt campaign.
- Arrested for participation in the Dandi March.
- Became a secretary to Mahatma Gandhi in 1930.
- Condemned the Communal Award: moved a resolution at All India Women’s Conference in 1932.
- Appointed member of the Advisory Board of Education by the British.
- Resigned in 1942 in support of the Quit India Movement.
- Constitution-Making: She was one of the 15 women Constituent Assembly Members.
- The only woman in Independent India’s first Cabinet.
- She was appointed as the Health Minister.
- She introduced the AIIMS Bill, 1956.
- Laid the foundation of Lady Irwin College.
- Initiated the Tuberculosis Association of India and Central Leprosy Teaching and Research Institute in Madras.
- A British nurse, social reformer, and statistician.
- Founder of modern nursing.
- Also known as “Lady with the Lamp”
- Established St. Thomas’ Hospital, London, and the Nightingale Training School for Nurses in 1860.
- First health professionals to use data: to show that infection control improves health outcomes.
- The first woman to be awarded the Order of Merit (1907).
- 200th birth anniversary.
- WHO has designated 2020 as “International Year of Nurse and Midwife.
- International Nurses Day: annually on May 12 commemorating her birth.
Gopal Krishna Gokhale
- Formed Servants of India Society in 1905
- Founded Ranade Institute of Economics in 1908
- Launched English weekly newspaper Hitavad in 1911.
- Gandhi calls Gokhale his mentor and guide.
Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar
- Organization: Bahishkrit Hitakarini Sabha, All India Scheduled Castes Federation, Depressed Classes Association, Independent Labor Party, Bharatiya Bauddha Mahasabha.
- Literary work: Buddha and His Dhamma, Equality Janta, Annihilation of Caste, Federation Versus Freedom.
Purandara Dasa (1484- 1564)
- A saint, poet and singer during the Vijayanagara empire.
- Disciple of Vyasatirtha, Rajaguru of Vijayanagara empire.
- Swami Haridas, teacher of Tansen,was his disciple.
- Initiated Haridasa tradition: music and literary tradition followed by Vaishnavaits.
- Regarded as the ‘Pitamaha’ of Carnatic music. He systemized method of teaching Carnatic music.
- Introduced the raga Maya malava gowla: the basic scale for music instruction.
- Kirtanas: written around 4.75 lakh devotional songs in Kannada.
- He wrote under the pen name Purandara Vittala.
150th Birth Anniversary
- One of the most prominent artists of India.
- Nephew of Rabindranath Tagore
- A first major supporter of swadeshi values in art.
- created the ‘Indian Society of Oriental Art’
- established Bengal school of art.
- One of the prominent Indian classical vocalists
- Associated with Mewati gharana.
- He was awarded Padma Vibhushan.
- A master of haveli sangeet.
- It is a Khayal-based Hindustani Classical musical family
- Founded in the late 19th Century in the Mewar region of Rajasthan.
Dr. Vikram Sarabhai
- Father of the Indian space programme: Key role in establishing ISRO.
- Founded Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) in Ahmedabad in 1947.
- Was chairman of the AEC (Atomic Energy Commission).
- Sarabhai Crater: ISRO named Moon Crate captured by Chandrayaan-2.
Narmada Shankar Dave (Narmad)
- 187th birth anniversary.
- A Gujarati poet, playwright and social reformer.
- Founder of modern Gujarati literature.
- His work was published in Dandio magazine
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis
- His birthday is celebrated as National Statistics Day.
- Known as the father of Indian statistics.
- He set up the Indian Statistical Institute in Kolkata in 1932.
- Instrumental in formulating India’s second five-year-plan.
- It laid the blueprint for industrialization in India.
- Mahalanobis distance: a measure of comparison between two data sets
Mahatma Ayyankali (1863- 1941)
- Social reformer from Travancore.
- Belonged to an untouchable Pulaya caste.
- Founded Sadhu Jana Paripalana Sangham:
- association for protection of the poor.
- It raised funds to start their own schools.
- Became a member of the assembly of Travancore: Sree Moolam Popular Assembly or Praja Sabha.