Public Administration Optional


Classroom and Test Series

Validity: Till Prelims of next year



Public Administration Optional: From Basic to Advanced

Course Duration: 100 Hours. Number of Pages: Approx. 1/3rd of the market.


Course completion date: 45 days before Mains

Synopsis IAS Optional courses cover the subjects for UPSC in most comprehensive and lucid manner, which is helpful for the prestigious UPSC IAS and IFS Examinations.

Course Content

  • Introduction : Meaning, scope and significance of Public Administration, Wilson’s vision of Public
    Administration, Evolution of the discipline and its present status. New Public Administration,
    Public Choice approach; Challenges of liberalization, Privatisation, Globalisation; Good Governance:
    concept and application; New Public Management. 
  • Administrative Thought : Scientific Management and Scientific Management movement; Classical Theory; Weber’s
    bureaucratic model its critique and post-Weberian Developments; Dynamic Administration (Mary
    Parker Follett); Human Relations School (Elton Mayo and others); Functions of the Executive (C.I.
    Barnard); Simon’s decision-making theory; Participative Management (R. Likert, C. Argyris, D.
  • Administrative Behaviour : Process and techniques of decision-making; Communication; Morale; Motivation Theories
    content, process and contemporary; Theories of Leadership: Traditional and Modem: 
  • Organisations : Theories systems, contingency; Structure and forms: Ministries and Departments,
    Corporations, Companies; Boards and Commissions; Ad hoc, and advisory bodies; Headquarters
    and Field relationships; Regulatory Authorities; Public-Private Partnerships. 
  • Accountability and Control : Concepts of accountability and control; Legislative, Executive and judicial control over
    administration; Citizen and Administration; Role of media, interest groups, voluntary
    organizations; Civil society; Citizen’s Charters; Right to Information; Social audit. 
  • Administrative Law : Meaning, scope and significance; Dicey on Administrative law; Delegated legislation;
    Administrative Tribunals.
  • Comparative Public Administration : Historical and sociological factors affecting administrative systems; Administration and
    politics in different countries; Current status of Comparative Public Administration; Ecology and
    administration; Riggsian models and their critique.
  • Development Dynamics : Concept of development; Changing profile of development administration; ‘Anti-development
    thesis’; Bureaucracy and development; Strong state versus the market debate; Impact of
    liberalisation on administration in developing countries; Women and development the self-help
    group movement.
  • Personnel Administration : Importance of human resource development; Recruitment, training, career advancement,
    position classification, discipline, performance appraisal, promotion, pray and service conditions;
    employer-employee relations, grievance redressal mechanism; Code of conduct; Administrative
  •  Public Policy : Models of policy-making and their critique; Processes of conceptualisation, planning,
    implementation, monitoring, evaluation and review and their limitations; State theories and public
    policy formulation
  • Techniques of Adminstrative Improvement : Organisation and methods, Work study and work management; e-governance and
    information technology; Management aid tools like network analysis, MIS, PERT, CPM.
  • Financial Administration : Monetary and fiscal policies: Public borrowings and public debt Budgets types and forms;
    Budgetary process; Financial accountability; Accounts and audit.  

  • Evolution of Indian Administration : Kautilya Arthashastra; Mughal administration; Legacy of British rule in politics and
    administration Indianization of Public services, revenue administration, district Administration,
    local self Government. 
  • Philosophical and Constitutional framework of
    Government : Salient features and value premises; Constitutionalism; Political culture; Bureaucracy and
    democracy; Bureaucracy and development. 
  • Public Sector Undertakings : Public sector in modern India; Forms of Public Sector Undertakings; Problems of autonomy,
    accountability and control; Impact of liberalization and privatization. 
  • Union Government and Administration : Executive, Parliament, Judiciary-structure, functions, work processes; Recent trends;
    Intra-governmental relations; Cabinet Secretariat; Prime Minister’s Office; Central Secretariat;
    Ministries and Departments; Boards; Commissions;
    Attached offices; Field organizations. 
  • Plans and Priorities : Machinery of planning; Role, composition and functions of the Planning Commission and the
    National Development Council; ‘Indicative’ planning; Process of plan formulation at Union and
    State levels; Constitutional Amendments (1992) and decentralized planning for economic
    development and social justice. 
  • State Government and Administration : Union-State administrative, legislative and financial relations; Role of the Finance Commission;
    Governor; Chief Minister; Council of Ministers; Chief Secretary; State Secretariat; Directorates. 
  • District Administration since Independence : Changing role of the Collector; Union-State-local relations; Imperatives of development
    management and law and order administration; District administration and democratic
  • Civil Services : Constitutional position; Structure, recruitment, training and capacity building; Good
    governance initiatives; Code of conduct and discipline; Staff associations; Political rights;
    Grievance redressal mechanism; Civil service neutrality; Civil service activism. 
  • Financial Management : Budget as a political instrument; Parliamentary control of public expenditure; Role of finance
    ministry in monetary and fiscal area; Accounting techniques; Audit; Role of Controller General of
    Accounts and Comptroller and Auditor
    General of India. 
  • Administrative Reforms since Independence : Major concerns; Important Committees and Commissions; Reforms in financial management
    and human resource development; Problems of implementation
  • Rural Development : Institutions and agencies since Independence; Rural development programmes: foci and
    strategies; Decentralization and Panchayati Raj; 73rd Constitutional amendment. 
  • Urban Local Government : Municipal governance: main features, structures, finance and problem areas; 74th
    Constitutional Amendment; Global-local debate; New localism; Development dynamics, politics
    and administration with special reference to city
  • Law and Order Administration: British legacy; National Police Commission; Investigative agencies; Role of Central and State
    Agencies including para military forces in maintenance of law and order and countering
    insurgency and terrorism; Criminalisation of politics and administration; Police-public relations;
    Reforms in Police.
  • Significant issues in Indian Administration: Values in public service; Regulatory Commissions; National Human Rights Commission;
    Problems of administration in coalition regimes; Citizen administration interface; Corruption and
    administration; Disaster management.


A Scientific and Redefined Way to Learn Optionals: All the UPSC Optional Subjects Online Coaching Courses are divided into two Levels

  • Free course: These are free Lectures available on YouTube or at our online learning portal.
  • Advanced Courses (Registered users): It covers full syllabus.

Features of advanced courses

  • The content development team and faculty members for all the optionals are the subject matter experts, and not the amateur aspirants.
  • Advanced lectures: These include applied part and in depth-learning for all major topics. These are not available at YouTube.
  • Study Material: Lecture content is available for registered students in PDF format.
  • No book needed: For making content, we start with NCERTs, and refer standard text books, reference books, research papers and journals. We update the optional content with current affairs.
  • Personalized student dashboard: Registered Students get a Personalized student dashboard with a login password. You can watch the lectures anywhere, anytime. You can also track studies through realtime course progress.
  • Answer Writing Practice: There are extensive answer writing sessions exactly based on UPSC pattern. Kindly note that evaluation is not part of the Classroom course. Evaluation is available for test series students.
  • Model Answers: You will get model answers to the previous year questions, expected questions etc.
  • Expert Support: You will get Doubt clearance Sessions via mail, chat, or phone, as and when required.
  • Offline centre Support at Delhi.
  • Two-way feedback: We take students’ feedback seriously. We can remove or replace faculties if the feedback is not good.

Our Methodology for content Development

We are a content-based coaching. We spend 6-8 hours for a 20-30 minute lecture to provide you the most comprehensive and Synoptic content for UPSC IAS (Indian Administrative Services) and IFS (Indian Forest Services).

Our Approach- Syllabus and previous year papers are the Key!

  • It is a well-established fact that at least 80-90% of questions are repeated directly or indirectly in UPSC Optional Papers.
  • Considering this fact, the content is made while considering two parameters: UPSC Syllabus Plus Previous Year Question Papers.
  • Our classroom lectures, content, and test Series are based on UPSC pattern.
  • The Optional content is made from standard textbooks and references, research papers, and Journals. This requires years of learning and understanding of the subjects.
  • Minimum Content: 30% of the market. No garbage material. No other institute is even closer to us in content.
  • The content development team and faculty members are not the amateur UPSC aspirants. For optionals, we have subject matter experts from pioneer universities of India like JNU, Jamia Millia, Delhi University, AMU among others.


Public Administration Optional Classroom