Values are based on universal principles and are needed to be inculcated from very first moment since birth.
Family, society and educational institutions play important role for inculcation of values.
- Family is the first and major agency of socialization. It is universal social institution.
- Most important influence on a child, which sets the pattern for the child’s attitude.
- Family is the first home of citizenship and mother is the first and most important teacher of the child.
- Important to inculcate ethics, attitude, values and morality.
- Enhance self-esteem, self-confidence, fostering decision making, women empowerment etc.
- Making aware about the rights and entitlements in the society.
Methods of Promoting Values in Family
- Promoting basic values: Values such as tolerance, love, sympathy, non-violence, sympathy and compassion, Dharma.
- Constructive Actions and Positive Attitude: Supressing negative actions and augmenting positive ones.
- Peace and Harmony in family: We must ensure peace and harmony in the family in order to eliminate domination.
- Enhancing social life, equality: done by
- Cleanliness and good environment of home, hygiene and good health.
- Sharing of goods, eating food together.
- Soft speaking, good behaviour, cooperation, respecting women and elders.
- Prayers to one’s god and respecting other religions.
- Enjoying and participating in family functions.
- The society at large influences in character building, responsiveness and resilience.
- The income level, education level, culture, national ideology, mass media etc. have important role.
An ideal society gives opportunity
- To every individual to grow physically, intellectually and morally.
- To explore the potential as individuals.
- To shape the attitudes, beliefs, morals and ideals.
- To develop the values of hard-working, honesty, tolerance, national integration, secularization, and dutifulness.
- To discard negative values like dowry, casteism, communalism, alcohol, drugs.
- To disregard social tensions, unrest, prejudices etc. to improve the quality of life.
- To protect the nameless, faceless and voiceless and to ensure justice and equality.
- To develop discipline as individual and collectively.
- Education is considered to be most powerful weapon during every era and in every society.
- Important for transmission of values and should not violate the freedom and autonomy of the learner.
- Education can pass on refined knowledge at a very fast rate.
- Developing personality, preservation of culture, promotion of social justice, scientific temper, democracy, secularism etc.
- Helps in perfect development of reasoning, Control impulses, focused towards the goal, Promoting value of human excellence.
- The role of institution and its ideology creates the main difference.
Role of a teacher:
- The personality and value system of a teacher affects the mind and heart of students.
- To develop civic consciousness, patriotism and discipline among the students.
- In higher education the teacher is the central figure in whom the university sees its past glory and around him it builds its future dignity.
- A teacher must be constantly learning, researching, criticizing to inculcate a balanced view in students.
- Commitment to the society, to profession, to achieve excellence and to the basic human values like impartiality, objectivity, intellectual integrity etc.