Values are based on universal principles and are needed to be inculcated from very first moment since birth.

Family, society and educational institutions play important role for inculcation of values.

8.1 Role of Family

  • Family is the first and major agency of socialization. It is universal social institution.
  • Most important influence on a child, which sets the pattern for the child’s attitude.
  • Family is the first home of citizenship and mother is the first and most important teacher of the child.
  • Important to inculcate ethics, attitude, values and morality.
  • Enhance self-esteem, self-confidence, fostering decision making, women empowerment etc.
  • Making aware about the rights and entitlements in the society.

Methods of Promoting Values in Family

  • Promoting basic values: Values such as tolerance, love, sympathy, non-violence, sympathy and compassion, Dharma.
  • Constructive Actions and Positive Attitude: Supressing negative actions and augmenting positive ones.
  • Peace and Harmony in family: We must ensure peace and harmony in the family in order to eliminate domination.
  • Enhancing social life, equality: done by
  • Cleanliness and good environment of home, hygiene and good health.
  • Sharing of goods, eating food together.
  • Soft speaking, good behaviour, cooperation, respecting women and elders.
  • Prayers to one’s god and respecting other religions.
  • Enjoying and participating in family functions.

8.2 Role of society

  • The society at large influences in character building, responsiveness and resilience.
  • The income level, education level, culture, national ideology, mass media etc. have important role.

An ideal society gives opportunity

  • To every individual to grow physically, intellectually and morally.
  • To explore the potential as individuals.
  • To shape the attitudes, beliefs, morals and ideals.
  • To develop the values of hard-working, honesty, tolerance, national integration, secularization, and dutifulness.
  • To discard negative values like dowry, casteism, communalism, alcohol, drugs.
  • To disregard social tensions, unrest, prejudices etc. to improve the quality of life.
  • To protect the nameless, faceless and voiceless and to ensure justice and equality.
  • To develop discipline as individual and collectively.

8.3 Role of educational institutes

  • Education is considered to be most powerful weapon during every era and in every society.
  • Important for transmission of values and should not violate the freedom and autonomy of the learner.
  • Education can pass on refined knowledge at a very fast rate.
  • Developing personality, preservation of culture, promotion of social justice, scientific temper, democracy, secularism etc.
  • Helps in perfect development of reasoning, Control impulses, focused towards the goal, Promoting value of human excellence.
  • The role of institution and its ideology creates the main difference.


Role of a teacher:

  • The personality and value system of a teacher affects the mind and heart of students.
  • To develop civic consciousness, patriotism and discipline among the students.
  • In higher education the teacher is the central figure in whom the university sees its past glory and around him it builds its future dignity.
  • A teacher must be constantly learning, researching, criticizing to inculcate a balanced view in students.
  • Commitment to the society, to profession, to achieve excellence and to the basic human values like impartiality, objectivity, intellectual integrity etc.