These values are at the core of being human and eternally apply to all human beings.
(1) Truth: It is absolute. It does not depend upon the will or wish of the individual.
“Even if you are a minority of one, truth is truth”. – Gandhi Ji.
(2) Love: Love is unselfish care and concern for the well-being of others. It is related to human soul & psyche. It includes altruism, understanding and forgiveness.
(3) Peace: It is a harmony and a balanced but nevertheless dynamic mental condition.
It is product of all positive values working together effectively. It is a condition of absence of violence, war, crimes or disturbances.
- Action in accordance with the established laws- legislative laws, natural justice etc.
- Similar to Eastern concept of
- It is not accountability. Accountability is towards an authority, but responsibility is doing an act properly.
- Based on the maxim of equilibrium between equality and equity.
- Governed by legal laws and legislations, principle of natural justice.
- Highest human value according to European traditions. E.g. concept of Justice in classical Greek philosophy like Socrates and Plato.
- The Geneva Convention, 1948 formalized the human rights of classical Greek idea.
- Enshrined in the deep Vedic sense of Ahmisa.
- Those who formulates policies and initiate new
- His authority is inherent in his position.
- He is either appointed or elected or emerge from within a group.
- He envisages missions, develops strategy, and inspires people and change culture.
- Leadership: Exercise of high level conceptual skills and decisiveness.
- Those who executes policies and implements decisions, utilizing the existence structure. (even if it is flawed)
- The ability to influence is based on the formal authority inherent in their position.
- A leader, and not an administrator, has the potential to change the country.
- They are appointed (not elected generally).
- Those who works to improve the policies and the existing structure.
- He is neither appointed nor elected, this virtue emerges from within.
- Types: Social reformers, Political reformers, Religious reformers etc.
Administration vs. Management
- Administration: Process of working to accomplish the agreed goals efficiently. The main work is to implement decisions.
- Manager = Leader + Administrator
- Their decisions are seen the decisions of the organization.
- They also have to convince employees.
- Emotional intelligence is must.
- Planning, co-ordination, direction to execution, evaluation etc.
Human Values: Lesson from the lives of great leaders.
Mahatma Gandhi, Abraham Lincoln, Mother Teresa, Sardar Patel.
Main Lesson: The lessons are based on people needs, works for values and morality. For example;
- Peace loving.
- Respect for humanity and dignity.
- Love and care.
- Benevolence & Compassion.
Human Values: Lessons from the lives of great administrators
Verghese Kurian, M.S. Swaminathan, E. Sreedharan, C.D. Deshmukh, V.P. Menon, Sardar Patel.
Main Lessons: The lessons are based on ethics in public administration. For example;
- Honesty and Integrity.
- Non-discrimination, equality.
- Public welfare.
- Accountability- ethical & professional.
- Solidarity and respect.
Human Values- Lessons from the lives of great reformers
Swami Vivekananda, Raja Rammohan Roy, Gandhi Ji.
Main Lesson: The lessons are based on compassion, equality and inclusion. For example;
- Respect for humanity & dignity.
- Benevolence, Love, care & compassion.
- Inquiry for seeking the cause-effect relationship.
- Social equality