UPSC Mains 2021 GS Paper 2 Analysis and Solutions

UPSC Mains 2021 GS Paper 2 Question Paper

Subject wise-weightage of questions in GS 2 Mains 2021

UPSC Mains 2021 GS Paper 2 Analysis and Solutions: There are four main subjects in GS Paper 2 in UPSC Mains, Indian Polity, Governance, Social Justice and International Relations. Total of 20 questions are asked. Here is the subject wise-weightage of questions asked in UPSC GS 2 Mains 2021:

  • Indian Polity: Total 8 Questions (Question No. 1, 3, 4, 5, 12, 13, 14, 15)
  • Governance: Total 3 Questions (Question No. 8, 11, 18)
  • Social Justice: Total 5 Questions (Question No. 2, 6, 7, 16, 17)
  • International Relations: Total 4 Questions (Question No. 9, 10, 19, 20)

Role of UPSC Previous Year Question Papers (PYQs):

  • You can solve 11 questions directly from PYQs. Question no 1, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 12, 14, 15, 17, 19 can be directly solved from PYQs.
  • In 5 questions (question no 2, 3, 10, 16 and 18), PYQs will help, as these are modified from Previous Year Questions.
  • Total 4 questions are new. Question no. 7, 11, 13 and 20 are asked first time, but can be solved from standard study materials. Question no 13 is not easy to solve.

Here is the UPSC Mains 2021 GS 2 Question Paper with Solution

UPSC Mains 2021 GS Paper 2 Analysis and Solutions

Click here to view the discussion video of UPSC Mains 2021 GS 2 Question Paper

Read GS Paper 1 Analysis and Solutions: UPSC Mains 2021 GS Paper 1 Analysis and Solutions

Read GS Paper 2 Analysis and Solutions: UPSC Mains 2021 GS Paper 2 Analysis and Solutions

Read GS Paper 3 Analysis and Solutions: UPSC Mains 2021 GS Paper 3 Analysis and Solutions

Read GS Paper 4 Analysis and Solutions: UPSC Mains 2021 GS Paper 4 Analysis and Solutions

You can click on the question links to view the approach and solutions. Source is given in front of the question.

 

Approach:

 

Q2. विविधता, समता और समावेशिता सुनिश्चित करने के लिए उच्बतर न्यायापालिका में हिलाओं के प्रतिनिधित्व को बढाने की वांछनीयता पर चर्चा कीजिए। (उत्तर 150 शब्दों में दीजिए)
Q2. Discuss the desirability of greater representation to women in the higher judiciary to ensure diversity, equity and inclusiveness. (Answer in 150 words) 10

Approach:

  • Moderate Question.
  • In previous years, UPSC has already asked on various angles on representation of Women. eg. Representation in Parliament, Representation in local bodies. Now they have asked their representation in judiciary.
  • Can be solved if you have practiced UPSC Previous Year Question Papers + current affairs.

 

Q3. भारत के 14 वें वित्त आयोग की संस्तुतियो ने राज्यों को अपनी राजकोषीय स्थिति सुधारने में कैसे सक्षम किया है? (उत्तर 150 शब्दों में दीजिए)

Q3. How have the recommendations of the 14th Finance Commission of India enabled the States to improve their fiscal position? (Answer in 150 words) 10

Approach:

  • This topic was in news around 2014-16. Hence, this could be considered a tough question.
  • In previous Years, UPSC has already asked about 10th, 11th, 12th, 13 and 15th Finance Commissions. Only 14 Finance Commission was remaining. 
  • Can be solved by any good book, which updates current happenings in their static notes.
  • Covered in Synopsis IAS Classroom course.

 

 

Approach:

  • Easy Question.
  • Pressure Groups, civil society, NGOs, and SHG have become favorite topics of UPSC.
  • UPSC Previous Year Question directly repeated. Download File: GS1-4 Previous Year Question (1979-2021)
  • Direct hit from Synopsis IAS Mains Answer Building Course which is a course for UPSC GS 1 to 4 Mains Previous Year Papers Solutions.
  • Can be solved if you have practiced UPSC Previous Year Question Papers + Current Affairs.

 

Approach:

 

Approach:

  • A new question. However, UPSC has asked questions on empowering human resources, skill development, and vocational education.  Download File: GS1-4 Previous Year Question (1979-2021)
  • Direct hit from Synopsis IAS current affairs.
  • Can be solved if you have read this topic in current affairs. Practicing Previous Year Papers will enrich your answer.

 

Q8. क्या लैंगिक असमानता, गरीबी और कुपोषण के दुश्चक्र को महिलाओं के स्वयं सहायता समूहों को सूक्ष्मवित (माइक्रो फाइनेन्स) प्रदान करके तोड़ा जा सकता है? सोदाहरण स्पष्ट कीजिए। (उत्तर 150 शब्दों में दीजिए)
Q8. Can the vicious cycle of gender inequality, poverty and malnutrition be broken through microfinancing of women SHGs? Explain with examples.(Answer in 150 words) 10

Approach:

  • Moderate Question.
  • Pressure Groups, civil society, NGOs, and SHG have become favorite topics of UPSC.
  • UPSC Previous Year Question directly repeated. Download File: GS1-4 Previous Year Question (1979-2021)
  • Direct hit from Synopsis IAS Mains Answer Building Course which is a course for UPSC GS 1 to 4 Mains Previous Year Papers Solutions.
  • Can be solved if you have practiced UPSC Previous Year Question Papers + Current Affairs.

 

Q9. यदि विगत कुछ दशक एशिया के विकास की कहानी के रहे, तो परवर्ती कुछ दशक अफ्रीका के हो सकते हैं।इस कथन के आलोक में, हाल के वर्षों में अफ्रीका में भारत के प्रभाका परीक्षण कीजिए। (उत्तर 150 शब्दों में दीजिए)
Q9. “If the last few decades were of Asia’s growth story, the next few are expected to be of Africa’s.” In the light of this statement, examine India’s influence in Africa in recent years. (Answer in 150 words) 10

Approach:

  • Moderate question, which need good analytical command over International Relations.
  • In previous years, UPSC has asked many times on various angles about the USA- China Relations and confrontations. Previous Year Question repeated with slight modifications. Download File: GS1-4 Previous Year Question (1979-2021)
  • Can be solved if you have practiced UPSC Previous Year Question Papers + Current Affairs.

 

Approach:

  • A new and tough question.
  • This question is based on the major issues about the functioning of CBI. FIR lodging by CBI and referal of cases by states to CBI is a controversial issue every year.
  • Can be solved if you have read this topic in current affairs.

 

Q12. यद्यपि मानवाधिकार आयोगों ने भारत में मानव अधिकारों के संरक्षण में काफी हद तक योगदान दिया है, फिर भी वे ताकतवर और प्रभावशालियों के विरुद्ध अधिकार जताने में असफल रहे हैं। इनकी संरचनात्मक और व्यावहारिक सीमाओं का विश्लेषण करते हुए सुधारात्मक उपायों के सुझाव दीजिए। (उत्तर 250 शब्दों में दीजिए)

Approach:

 

Approach:

  • A new question.
  • In 2020, UPSC asked about the comparison of Indian and UK Judiciary.
  • In 2018, UPSC asked the comparison of democracies of India and USA.
  • UPSC has started asking such questions from optionals, which are not covered in any GS book or by any coaching institutes. Most of the authors and coachings are confused to include such topics in their study materials.
  • Better to write a generalist answer, or to leave such questions, if you do not know much.
  • Can be solved if you have read this topic in current affairs. Practicing Previous Year Papers will enrich your answer.

 

Q14. उन संवैधानिक प्रावधानों को समझाइए जिनके अंतर्गत विधानपरिषर्दे स्थापित होती हैं। उपयुक्त उदाहरणों के साथ विधानपरिषदों के कार्य और वर्तमान स्थिति का मूल्यांकन कीजिए। (उत्तर 250 शब्दों में दीजिए)
Q14. Explain the constitutional provisions under which Legislative Councils are established. Review the working and current status of Legislative Councils with suitable illustrations.(Answer in 250 words) 15

Approach:

  • Moderate Question.
  • From Legislative Councils topic, UPSC has always asked from their establishment perspective.
  • UPSC Previous Year Question directly repeated. Download File: GS1-4 Previous Year Question (1979-2021)
  • Direct hit from Synopsis IAS Mains Answer Building Course which is a course for UPSC GS 1 to 4 Mains Previous Year Papers Solutions.
  • Can be solved if you have practiced UPSC Previous Year Question Papers + Current Affairs.

 

Q15. क्या विभागों से संबंधित संसदीय स्थायी समितियाँ प्रशासन को अपने पैर की उँगलियों पर रखती हैं और संसदीय नियंत्रण के लिए सम्मानप्रदर्शन हेतु प्रेरित करती हैं? उपयुक्त उदाहरणों के साथ ऐसी समितियों के कार्यों का मूल्यांकन कीजिए। (उत्तर 250 शब्दों में दीजिए)
Q15. Do Department -related Parliamentary Standing Committees keep the administration on its toes and inspire reverence for parliamentary control? Evaluate the working of such committees with suitable examples. (Answer in 250 words) 15

Approach:

  • Moderate Question.
  • From past some years, UPSC has asked a lot of questions from Committees.
  • UPSC Previous Year Question directly repeated. Download File: GS1-4 Previous Year Question (1979-2021)
  • Direct hit from Synopsis IAS Mains Answer Building Course which is a course for UPSC GS 1 to 4 Mains Previous Year Papers Solutions.
  • Can be solved if you have practiced UPSC Previous Year Question Papers + Current Affairs.

 

Q16. क्या ग्रामीण क्षेत्रों में विशेष रूप से, डिजिटल निरक्षरता ने सूचना एवं संचार प्रौद्योगिकी (आइ०सी०टी०) की अल्पउपलब्धता के साथ मिलकर सामाजिकआर्थिक विकास में बाधा उत्पत्र किया है? औचित्य सहित परीक्षण कीजिए।(उत्तर 250 शब्दों में दीजिए)
Q16. Has digital illiteracy, particularly in rural areas, couple with lack of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) accessibility hindered socio-economic development? Examine with justification. (Answer in 250 words) 15

Approach:

 

Q17. यद्यपि स्वातंत्र्योत्तर भारत में महिलाओं ने विभिन्न क्षेत्रों में उत्कृष्टता हासिल की है, इसके बावजूद महिलाओं और नारीवादी आन्दोलन के प्रति सामाजिक दृष्टिकोण पितृसत्तात्मक रहा है।महिला शिक्षा और महिला सशक्तीकरण की योजनाओं के अतिरिक्त कौन से हस्तक्षेप इस परिवेश के परिवर्तन में सहायक हो सकते हैं? (उत्तर 250 शब्दों में दीजिए)

Approach:

 

Approach:

  • A new question from a syllabus topic of GS 4 – ‘Quality of Public Service Delivery’.
  • Pressure Groups, civil society, NGOs, and SHG have become favorite topics of UPSC. Download File: GS1-4 Previous Year Question (1979-2021)
  • Can be solved if you have practiced UPSC Previous Year Question Papers + Current Affairs.

 

Approach:

 

 

Evaluation of the Paper

After doing the UPSC Mains 2021 GS Paper 2 Analysis and Solutions, we can conclude that Previous year papers, UPSC Syllabus, Basis Books and Current Affairs are essential to Prepare the UPSC Mains GS Paper 2.

 

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