UPSC Mains 2021 GS Paper 1 Analysis and Solutions

UPSC Mains 2021 GS Paper 1 Question Paper

Subject wise-weightage of questions in GS 1 Mains 2021

UPSC Mains 2021 GS Paper 1 Analysis and Solutions: There are three main subjects in GS Paper 1 in UPSC Mains, History, Geography and Society. Total of 20 questions are asked. Here is the subject wise-weightage of questions asked in UPSC GS 1 Mains 2021:

  • Art and Culture, Ancient History and Medieval History: Total 1 Question (Q No. 1)
  • Modern History: Total 3 Questions (Q No. 2, 11, 12)
  • World History and Post Independence History: Total 2 Questions (Q No 3, 13)
  • Geography: Total 8 Questions (Q No 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 14, 15, 16)
  • Society: Total 6 Questions (Q No 9, 10, 17, 18, 19, 20)

Role of UPSC Previous Year Question Papers (PYQs):

  • You can solve 12 questions directly from PYQs. Question no 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 11, 12, 14, 15, 17, 18, 20 can be directly solved from PYQs.
  • In question no 9, 10 and 19, PYQs will help, as these are modified from Previous Year Questions.
  • Total 5 questions are new. Question no. 5, 7, 8, 13 and 16 are asked first time, but can be solved from standard study materials.

Here is the UPSC Mains 2021 GS 1 Question Paper with Solution

UPSC GS 1 Mains Question Paper Discussion Video Synopsis IAS

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Read GS Paper 1 Analysis and Solutions: UPSC Mains 2021 GS Paper 1 Analysis and Solutions

Read GS Paper 2 Analysis and Solutions: UPSC Mains 2021 GS Paper 2 Analysis and Solutions

Read GS Paper 3 Analysis and Solutions: UPSC Mains 2021 GS Paper 3 Analysis and Solutions

Read GS Paper 4 Analysis and Solutions: UPSC Mains 2021 GS Paper 4 Analysis and Solutions

You can click on the question links to view the approach and solutions. Source is given in front of the question.

 

Q1. भक्ति साहित्य की प्रकृति का मूल्यांकन करते हुए भारतीय संस्कृति में इसके योगदान का निर्धारण कीजिए । (150 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए)

Q1. Evaluate the nature of the Bhakti Literature and its contribution to Indian culture. (150 words) 10 Marks

Approach:

 

Q2. यंग बंगाल एवं ब्रह्मो समाज के विशेष संदर्भ में सामाजिक-धार्मिक सुधार आन्दोलनों के उत्थान तथा विकास को रेखांकित कीजिए । (150 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए)

Q2. Trace the rise and growth of socio-religious reform movements with special reference to Young Bengal and Brahmo Samaj. (150 words) 10 Marks

Approach:

 

Q3. भारतीय रियासतों के एकीकरण की प्रक्रिया में मुख्य प्रशासनिक मुद्दों एवं सामाजिक-सांस्कृतिक समस्याओं का आकलन कीजिए । (150 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए)

Q3. Assess the main administrative issues and socio-cultural problems in the integration process of Indian Princely States. (150 words) 10 Marks

Approach:

 

Q4. हिमालय क्षेत्र तथा पश्चिमी घाटों में भू-स्खलनों के विभिन्न कारणों का अंतर स्पष्ट कीजिए । (150 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए)

Q4. Differentiate the causes of landslides in the Himalayan region and Western Ghats. (150 words) 10 Marks

Approach:

 

Q5. गोंडवानालैंड के देशों में से एक होने के बावजूद भारत के खनन उद्योग अपने सकल घरेलू उत्पाद (जी.डी.पी.) में बहुत कम प्रतिशत का योगदान देते हैं । विवेचना कीजिए ।(150 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए)

Q5. Despite India being one of the countries of the Gondwanaland, its mining industry contributes much less to its Gross Domestic Product(GDP) in percentage. Discuss.(150 words) 10 Marks

Approach:

  • Moderate Difficulty.
  • Direct hit from Synopsis IAS Classroom Courses.
  • solved using any standard text book on Indian Geography.

 

Q6. शहरी भूमि उपयोग के लिए जल निकायों से भूमि-उद्धार के पर्यावरणीय प्रभाव क्या हैं ? उदाहरणों सहित समझाइए । (150 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए)

Q6. What are the environmental implications of the reclamation of the water bodies into urban land use? Explain with examples. (150 words) 10 Marks

Approach:

 

Q7. 2021 में घटित ज्वालामुखी विस्फोटों की वैश्विक घटनाओं का उल्लेख करते हुए क्षेत्रीय पर्यावरण पर उनके द्वारा पड़े प्रभाव को बताइए । (150 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए)

Q7. Mention the global occurrence of volcanic eruptions in 2021 and their impact on regional environment. (150 words) 10 Marks

Approach:

  • Moderate Question from Current Affairs.
  • Partial hit from Synopsis IAS Current Affairs.
  • Can be solved using regular current affairs booklets.

 

Q8. भारत को एक उपमहाद्वीप क्यों माना जाता है ? विस्तारपूर्वक उत्तर दीजिए । (150 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए)

Q8. Why is India considered as a sub-continent? Elaborate your answer. (150 words) 10 Marks

Approach:

  • Easy Question.
  • Direct hit from Synopsis IAS General Studies Course.
  • Can be solved using any geography booklet for India.

 

Q9. मुख्यधारा के ज्ञान और सांस्कृतिक प्रणालियों की तुलना में आदिवासी ज्ञान प्रणाली की विशिष्टता की जाँच कीजिए । (150 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए)

Q9. Examine the uniqueness of tribal knowledge system when compared with mainstream knowledge and cultural systems. (150 words) 10 Marks

Approach:

 

Q10. भारत में महिलाओं के सशक्तिकरण की प्रक्रिया में ‘गिग इकोनॉमी’ की भूमिका का परीक्षण कीजिए । (150 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए)

Q10. Examine the role of ‘Gig Economy’ in the process of empowerment of women in India. (150 words) 10 Marks

Approach:

  • Tough Question:
    • This is not a question on Gig economy.
      • A gig economy mainly consists of temporary and flexible jobs. Companies tend to hire independent contractors and freelancers, instead of the full-time workers or employees. Gig workers are independent contractors, online workers, contract firm workers, telephonic or on-call workers and temporary workers.
      • Such an economy affects the traditional economy in many ways, both positively and negatively. You need to discuss those impacts on women.
      • Gig workers enter into formal agreements with on-demand companies to provide services to the company’s clients.
    • You need to talk about Gig economy in intro para mainly. Rest of the question is on women empowerment.
  • UPSC has asked questions on women empowerment from various angles previously. Download File: GS1-4 Previous Year Question (1979-2021)
  • Can be solved using from Synopsis IAS Mains Answer Building Course.
  • Can be solved using logic, current affairs and standard text book on society.
  • Can be solved if you have practiced UPSC Previous Year Question Papers.

 

Q11. नरमपंथियों की भूमिका ने किस सीमा तक व्यापक स्वतंत्रता आन्दोलन का आधार तैयार किया ? टिप्पणी कीजिए । (250 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए)

Q11. To what extent did the role of the moderates prepare a base for the wider freedom movement? Comment. (250 words) 15 Marks

Approach:

 

Q12. असहयोग आन्दोलन एवं सविनय अवज्ञा आन्दोलन के दौरान महात्मा गाँधी के रचनात्मक कार्यक्रमों को स्पष्ट कीजिए । (250 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए)

Q12. Bring out the constructive programmes of Mahatma Gandhi during Non-Cooperation Movement and Civil Disobedience Movement. (250 words) 15 Marks

Approach:

 

Q13. “दोनों विश्व युद्धों के बीच लोकतंत्रीय राज्य प्रणाली के लिए एक गंभीर चुनौती उत्पन्न हुई ।” इस कथन का मूल्यांकन कीजिए । (250 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए)

Q13. ” There arose a serious challenge to the Democratic State System between the two World Wars.” Evaluate the statement. (250 words) 15 Marks

Approach:

  • A Tough Question, as students have left studying world history. Otherwise, it is an easy question.
  • Direct hit from Synopsis IAS Mains Classroom Course.
  • Can be solved using any standard text book on world history. You need to read the world History in a story like manner.

 

Q14. विश्व की प्रमुख पर्वत शृंखलाओं के संरेखण का संक्षिप्त उल्लेख कीजिए तथा उनके स्थानीय मौसम पर पड़े प्रभावों का सोदाहरण वर्णन कीजिए । (250 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए)

Q14. Briefly mention the alignment of major mountain ranges of the world and explain their impact on local weather conditions, with examples. (250 words) 15 Marks

Approach:

  • Moderate Question.
  • This question demands the knowledge of climatology. eg. Impact on Jet streams, monsoon, rainfall, local winds, winters, fog, agricultures etc.
  • Questions on all the above topics area asked previously by UPSC.
  • This is a direct hit from Synopsis IAS Classroom course. IT can be easily solved if you have practiced Previous Year Papers.
  • Can be solved using any standard text book on physical geography.

 

Q15. आर्कटिक की बर्फ़ और अंटार्कटिक के ग्लेशियरों का पिघलना किस तरह अलग-अलग ढंग से पृथ्वी पर मौसम के स्वरूप और मनुष्य की गतिविधियों पर प्रभाव डालते हैं ? स्पष्ट कीजिए । (250 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए)

Q15. How do the melting of the Arctic ice and glaciers of the Antarctic differently affect the weather patterns and human activities on the Earth? Explain. (250 words) 15 Marks

Approach:

  • Tough Question. 
  • Repeated questions UPSC Previous Year Question with slight modification.
  • Direct hit from Synopsis IAS current affairs.
  • Can be solved using any standard current affairs material and UPSC Previous Year Questions on Melting, Climate Change and Global Warming. Download File: GS1-4 Previous Year Question (1979-2021)

 

Q16. विश्व में खनिज तेल के असमान वितरण के बहुआयामी प्रभावों की विवेचना कीजिए । (250 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए)

Q16. Discuss the multi-dimensional implications of uneven distribution of mineral oil in the world. (250 words) 15 Marks

Approach:

  • Moderate Question. 
  • Earlier UPSC asked about the implications of Petroleum refineries being far from the oil producing areas in 2017.
  • Direct hit from Synopsis IAS classroom course.
  • Can be solved using any standard text book on geography.

 

Q17. भारत में प्रमुख शहरो में आई.टी. उद्योगों के विकास से उत्पन्न होने वाले मुख्य सामाजिक – आर्थिक प्रभाव क्या हैं ? (250 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए)

Q17. What are the main socio-economic implications arising out of the development of IT industries in major cities of India? (250 words) 15 Marks

Approach:

 

Q18. जनसंख्या शिक्षा के प्रमुख उद्देश्यों की विवेचना करते हुए भारत में इन्हें प्राप्त करने के उपायों पर विस्तृत प्रकाश डालिए । (250 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए)

Q18. Discuss the main objectives of Population Education and point out the measures to achieve them in India in detail. (250 words) 15 Marks

Approach:

 

Q19. क्रिप्टोकरेंसी क्या है? वैश्विक समाज को यह कैसे प्रभावित करती है? क्या यह भारतीय समाज को भी प्रभावित कर रही है ? ( 250 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए)

Q19. What is Cryptocurrency? How does it affect global society? Has it been affecting Indian society also?(250 words) 15 Marks

Approach:

  • Tough Question: You need to talk about Cryptocurrency in first part only. Rest of the question is on social impacts of such transactions.
    • Last two parts of the questions on Cryptocurrency.
      • A gig economy mainly consists of temporary and flexible jobs. Companies tend to hire independent contractors and freelancers, instead of the full-time workers or employees. Gig workers are independent contractors, online workers, contract firm workers, telephonic or on-call workers and temporary workers.
      • Cryptocurrency is a newly evolved digital payment system. It’s a peer-to-peer transaction system, that doesn’t rely on banks to verify transactions. can enable anyone to send and receive payments.
  • UPSC has asked questions on money laundering from various angles previously. Download File: GS1-4 Previous Year Question (1979-2021)
  • Can be solved from Synopsis IAS Mains Answer Building Course and Mains in 300 Topics Courses.
  • Can be solved using logic, current affairs and regular reference books.

 

Q20. भारतीय समाज पारम्परिक सामाजिक मूल्यों में निरंतरता कैसे बनाए रखता है ? इनमें होने वाले परिवर्तनों का विवरण दीजिए । (250 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए)

Q20. How does Indian society maintain continuity in traditional social values? Enumerate the changes taking place in it.(250 words) 15 Marks

Approach:

 

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