You are Vice Principal of a degree college in one of the middle-class towns. Principal has recently retired and management is looking for his replacement | UPSC 2021, 20 Marks

Q8. आप एक मध्यवर्गीय शहर में डिग्री कॉलेज के उप-प्रधानाचार्य है। प्रधानाचार्य हाल ही में सेवानिवृत्त हुए है और प्रबंधन उनके प्रतिस्थापन की तलाश कर रहा है। यह भी माना जाता है कि प्रबंधन आपको प्रधानाचार्य के रूप में पदोन्नत कर सकता है। इस बीच वार्षिक परीक्षा के दौरान विश्चविद्यालय से आए उड़नदस्ते ने दो छात्रों को अनुचित तरीकों का उपयोग करते हुए रें हाथों पकड़ लिया। कॉलेज का एक वरिष्ठ व्याख्याता व्यक्तिगत रूप से इन छात्रों को इस कार्य में मदद कर रहा था। यह वरिष्ठ व्याख्याता प्रबंधन का करीबी भी माना जाता था। उनमें से एक छात्र स्थानीय राजनेता का बेटा था, जो कॉलेज को वर्तमान प्रतिष्ठित विश्चविद्यालय से संबंधन कराने में मददगार रहा था। दूसरा छात्र एक स्थानीय व्यवसायी का बेटा था, जिसने कॉलेज चलाने के लिए अधिकतम धन दान दिया था। आपने इस दुर्भाग्यपूर्ण घटना के बारे में तुरंत प्रबंधन को सूचित किया। प्रबंधन ने आपको किसी भी कीमत पर उड़नदस्ते के साथ इस मुद्दे को हल करने के लिए कहा। उन्होंने आगे कहा कि इस घटना से न केवल कॉलेज की छवि खराब होगी बल्कि राजनेता और व्यवसायी भी कॉलेज के कामकाज के लिए बहुत महत्वपूर्ण व्यक्ति हैं। आपको यह भी संकेत दिया गया था कि प्रधानाचार्य के रूप में आपकी आगे की पदोन्नति उड़नदस्ते के साथ मुद्दे को हल करने की आपकी क्षमता पर निर्भर करती है। इस दौरान आपके प्रशासन अधिकारी ने सूचित किया कि छात्र संघ के कुछ सदस्य इस घटना में शामिल वरिष्ठ व्याख्याता और छात्रों के खिलाफ कॉलेज के गेट के बाहर विरोध प्रदर्शन कर रहे हैं और दोषियों के खिलाफ सख्त कार्रवाई की माँग कर रहे हैं।
(a) इस मामले से संबंधित नैतिक मुद्दों पर चर्चा कीजिए।
(b) उप-प्रधानाचार्य के रूप में आपके पास उपलब्ध विकल्पों का आलोचनात्मक रूप से परीक्षण कीजिए। आप कौन-सा विकल्प अपनाएँगे और क्यों? (उत्तर 250 शब्दों में दीजिए)

You are Vice Principal of a degree college in one of the middle-class towns. Principal has recently retired and management is looking for his replacement. There are also feelers that the management may promote you as Principal. In the meantime, during annual examination the flying squad which came from the university caught two students red-handed involving in unfair means. A senior lecturer of the college was personally helping these students in this act. This senior lecturer also happens to be close to the management. One of the students was son of a local politician who was responsible in getting college affiliated to the present reputed university. The second student was son of a local businessman who has donated maximum funds for running of the college. You immediately informed the management regarding this unfortunate incident. The management told you to resolve the issue with flying squad at any cost. They further said that such incident will not only tarnish the image of the college but also the politician and businessman are very important personalities for the functioning of the college. You were also given hint that your further promotion to Principal depends on your capability in resolving this issue with flying squad. In the meantime, you were intimated by your administrative officer that certain members of the student union are protesting outside the college gate against the senior lecturer and the students involved in this incident and demanding strict action against defaulters.
(a) Discuss the ethical issues involved in the case.
(b) Critically examine the options available with you as Vice Principal. What option will you adopt and why? (Answer in 250 words) 20


  1. You as vice principal
  2. College management may promote you as principal
  3. Senior lecturer helping in cheating 
  4. Students protesting outside the college 
  5. Flying squad 


Ethical issues involved:

  1. Professional duty vs personal gains 
  2. Order of management and image of college  vs justice to other honest students 
  3. Fund and affiliation for college vs voice of protesting students 


Options available:

  1. Follow the order of management and make settlement by hiding true facts to the flying squad.
  2. Show your incapability to the management that you can not deal with flying squad.
  3. Refuse the management to support an illegal act and tell the truth to flying squad.

I as a vice principal will choose the third option which has following merit and demerits:


  1. I succeeding in my professional integrity 
  2. I set a right precedent for both students and senior lecture and the management 
  3. Flying squad reported that all other staff of college are honest except senior lecturer.
  4. Student learns a lesson to be truthful with study and life as well.
  5. Do justice  with large section of students including who are protesting  outside college .


  1. I may not be promoted as principal 
  2. Image and reputation of college may be tarnished, funding may be stopped and affiliation may also.
  3. Local political and businessman may also hurt me in every walk of life. 

Justification for 3rd option:

  • As a vice principal I decided to choose the third optional so as I maintained my professional integrity which may hamper my present personal gains but definitely in future it will gives me sense of confidence and job satisfaction. 
  • By doing this I convey the management that image of college would not be tarnished but a right precedent set in college and to support such senior lecturer will more degraded the college in future. 
  • I also convey that supporting such dishonest student will definitely tarnish image of college in future and also become undesired for society and the nation at large in future. 
  • I would request the flying squad not to take such as strict action which destroy the future of student but a light punishment may be given that their career prospects not spoiled and also they get lesson.

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