Q 3 (b) “We can never obtain peace in the outer world until and unless we obtain peace within ourselves.” – Dalai Lama (Answer in 150 words) 10 Marks
“हम बाहरी दुनिया में तब तक शांति प्राप्त नहीं कर सकते जब तक कि हम अपने भीतर शांति प्राप्त नहीं कर लेते।” -दलाई लामा (उत्तर 150 शब्दों में दीजिए)
Peace is absence of violence and war and also the presence of justice and harmonious relations. One that is integrating and inclusive. It comes with tolerance and it extends compassion to all living things like Gandhian philosophy of nonviolence.
The significance of Buddhism for peace is the elevation of ahisma, that is, doing no harm to others, as a central ethical virtue for human conduct on which Dalai lama has based his understanding on. There is avoidance of desire that peacefully attributes, gives a cause of war and conflict, and helps in the creation of a genuinely peaceful and harmonious society.
Peace is usually viewed as the ultimate goal of human existence. An ecstatic state of being. There has been a moralizing of the need for peace. In Gandhism, peaceful means is to become united with and indistinguishable from peaceful ends.
The realization that peace is more than the absence of conflict lies at the heart of the emergence of the notion of a culture of peace, a notion which has been gaining greater attention within peace research in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. The notion was implicit within the UNESCO mandate, with the acknowledgment that since wars begin in human minds, it follows that the defense against war needs to be established in the minds of individuals. The need is to ensure respect for life, ending of violence and promotion and practice of nonviolence through education, dialogue and cooperation.
The need for the countries who want to develop a deeper understanding of Dalai lama is that not just peaceful geographical borders but the disputes, the inequalities and the discrimination that is meted to the population of the country also be dealt well where grievances are redressed well also ensures peace. The socio economic development and the redistributive justice to all the sections of population also ushers peace.
But the idea that the world must not turn a blind eye against injustice happening around the world also stands true. This is the paradox of peace. As the idea must be peace for all where justice for all is promoted.