Sunil is a young civil servant and has a reputation for his competence, integrity, dedication and relentness pursuit of difficult and onerous jobs | UPSC 2021, 20 Marks

Q7. सुनील एक युवा लोक सेवक है तथा सक्षमता, ईमानदारी, समर्पण तथा मुश्किल और दुर्वह कार्मों के लिए अथक प्रयास हेतु उसकी प्रतिष्ठा है। उसकी प्रोफाइल को देखते हुए उसके अधिकारियों ने उसे एक बहुत ही चुनौतीपूर्ण और संवेदनशील कार्यभार को संभालने के लिए चुना था। उसे अवैध बालू खनन के लिए कुख्यात आदिवासी-बहुल जिले में तैनात किया गया। नदी पट्टी से, अनियंत्रित रूप से बालू उत्बनन करके ट्रकों से ढोकर उसको काला बाजार में बेचा जा रहा था। यह अवैध बालू खनन माफिया, स्थानीय कार्यकर्ताओं और आदिवासी बाहुबलियों के सहयोग से काम कर रहा था जो बदले में चुनिदा गरीब आदिवासियों को रिश्षत देते रहते थे तथा उनको डरा और धमका कर रखते थे।

सुनील ने एक तेज और ऊर्जावान अधिकारी होने के नाते जमीनी हकीकत पहचानकर और माफिया के द्वारा कुटिल तथा संदिग्ध तंत्र के माध्यम से अपनाए गए उनके तौर-तरीकों को तुरंत पकड़ लिया। पूछताछ करने पर उसने पाया कि उसके अपने कार्यालय के कुछ कर्मचारियों की उनसे मिलीभगत है और उन्होंने उनके साथ घनिष्ठ अवांछनीय गठजोड़ विकसित कर लिया है। सुनील ने उनके खिलाफ कड़ी कार्ववाई शुरू की और उनके बालू से भरे ट्रकों की आवाजाही के अवैध संचालन पर छापे मारना शुरू कर दिया। माफिया भड़क गया क्योंकि पहले बहुत अधिकारियों ने उनके विरुद्ध इतने बड़े कदम नहीं उठाये थे। कार्यालय के कुछ कर्मचारियों ने जो कथित तौर पर माफिया के करीब थे, उनको सूचित किया कि अधिकारी उस जिले में माफिया के अवैध बालू खनन संचालन को साफ करने के लिए दृढ़ संकल्पित है और उन्हें अपूरणीय क्षति हो सकती है।

माफिया शत्रुतापूर्ण हो गया और जवाबी हमला शुरू किया। आदिवासी बाहुबली और माफिया ने उसको गंभीर परिणाम भुगतने की धमकी देना शुरू कर दिया। उसके परिवार (पत्नी और वृद्ध माता) का पीछा किया जा रहा था, वे उनकी वास्तविक निगरानी में थे जिससे कि उन सभी को मानसिक यातना, यंत्रणा और तनाव हो रहा था। उस समय मामले ने गंभीर रूप धारण कर लिया जब एक बाहुबली उसके कार्यालय में आया और उसको छापे मारना इत्यादि बंद करने की धमकी दी और कहा कि उसका हाल उसके पूर्व अधिकारियों से अलग नहीं होगा (दस वर्ष पूर्व माफिया द्वारा एक अधिकारी की हत्या कर दी गई थी)।

(a) इस स्थिति को संभालने में सुनील के लिए उपलब्ध विभिन्न विकल्पों की पहचान कीजिए।
(b) आपके द्वारा सूचीबद्ध विकल्पों का आलोचनात्मक मूल्यांकन कीजिए।
(c) आपके विचार से उपर्युक्त में से कौन-सा विकल्प सुनील के लिए सबसे उपयुक्त होगा और क्यों? (उत्तर 250 शब्दों में दीजिए)


Q7. Sunil is a young civil servant and has a reputation for his competence, integrity, dedication and relentness pursuit of difficult and onerous jobs. Considering his profile, he was picked up by his bosses to handle a very challenging and sensitive assignment. He was posted in a tribal dominated district notorious for illegal sand mining. Excavating sand from river belt and transporting through trucks and selling them in black market was rampant. This illegal sand mining mafia was operating with the support of local functionaries and tribal musclemen who in turn were bribing selected poor tribals and had kept the tribals under fear and intimidation. Sunil being a sharp and energetic officer immediately grasped the ground realities and the modus operandi followed by the mafia through their devious and dubious mechanism. On making inquiries, he gathered that some of their own office employees are in hand and glove with them and have developed close unholy nexus. Sunil initiated stringent action against them and started conducting raids on their illegal operations of movement of trucks filled with sand. The mafia got rattled as not many officers in the past had taken such strong steps against the mafia. Some not many officers in the employees who were allegedly close to mafia informed them that the of the office employees who were allegediy close to officer is determined to clean up the mafia’s itlegal district and may cause them irrepairable damage. 

The mafia turned hostile and launched counter-offensive. The tribal musclemen and mafia started threatening him with dire consequences. His family (wife and mother) were stalked and were under virtual surveillance and thus causing mental torture, agony and stress to all of them. The matter assumed serious proportions when a muscleman came to his office and threatened him to stop the preaders otherwise, his fate will not be different thar back one officer was killed by the mafia).

(a) Identify the different options available to Sunil in attending to this situation.
(b) Critically evaluate each of the options listed by you.
(c) Which of the above, do you think, would be the most appropriate for Sunil to adopt and why? (Answer in 250 words) 20

Answer:

Stakeholders:

  1. Sunil- a competent civil servant with his integrity, dedication and honesty.
  2. Mafia
  3. His family ( wife and mother)
  4. Local functionaries 
  5. Employees of his office 

Ethical issues involved:

  1. Integrity to the service vs family security 
  2. Professional values vs personal values 

(b) Options available:

(1) Stop the raids:

Merit: 

  1. He will able to secure the life of himself and his family.
  2. Win the confidence of mafia, local functionaries and tribal musclemen resulting no threat to him in future 
  3. May get some illegal gratification and led a luxury life. 

Demerit:

  1. He compromised  with his integrity to the job 
  2. Lost the honesty so lost his previous image and respect. 
  3. Set a wrong precedent for his office employees 
  4. Increased corruption in the whole system as he is a superior authority.
  5. Damaged hugely to river system as well as environment.

(2) Continue conducting raids against mafia:

Merit:

  1. He do justice with his job and the inhabitants.
  2. Prevent the damage to environment.
  3. Discourage the mafia and associated crimes like illegal sand mining. 

Demerit:

  1. He may lost his live or of his family 
  2. He may hot permanent injury or a fearful life 
  3. He endangers the life of his subordinates 

(3) Rescue himself and seek transfer:

Merit:

  1. At the same time he can save his life and family as well as his honest image in service 
  2. He can bring the issue to the higher authority.

Demerit:

  1. He can flee from his job due to fear from mafia which causes mental stigma to him for whole life. 
  2. Encouragement to mafia resulting in more environmental damages and crime in that region. 
  3. Encouragement to the employees to take bribe and spoil system. 

 

(c) I thing Sunil should choose the second available options and continue conducting raid and save environment by doing this he can do justice with the people of the region and with his professional integrity. 

And if he is able to stop mafia then local tribal people give him support so local functionaries were compelled to take out their support to mafia then mafia weakens and may surrender. 

With doing this he get this issue into the knowledge of higher authority state government and demand extra force like CRPF, Army , also extra security for him and his family.

Government will provide security and support then he go ahead to end the whole crime and exposed local functionaries to the public who are involved in crime. 

So as he set a right precedent and encouragement for all officers in the country to be moral and not to succumbed against crime and also discourage such disloyal employees. 

If he do so he realise the true spirit and respect to his duty , similarly like wing commander Abhinandan Vardhaman, who were caught by hostile enemies in their nation but  not succumbed to their torture and injuries and make the nation prod on such soldiers.

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