How is S- 400 air defence system technically superior to any other system presently available in the world? UPSC 2021, 10 Marks

Q5. S-400 हवाई रक्षा प्रणालीविश्व में इस समय उपलब्ध अन्य किसी प्रणाली की तुलना में किस प्रकार से तकनीकी रूप से श्रेष्ठ है ? (150 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए)
Q5. How is S- 400 air defence system technically superior to any other system presently available in the world? (Answer in 150 words) 10

Answer: The S-400 missile is Russian for Triumph Missile System. This missile system is an anti-aircraft missile defense system. It is developed by Russia’s Almaz Central Design Bureau and it has been in to function by the Russian armed forces.

 

Characteristic features of S-400 Air Defense System:

 

  • Named SA-21 Growler by NATO and developed by Russia’s Almaz Central Design Bureau,S-400 Triumf is one of the world’s most advanced air defense systems.
  • It is a surface-to-air missile system that can simultaneously track and neutralise a range of incoming objects spanning aircraft, missiles and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) over very long ranges.
  • It can provide air interception against early warning aircraft, airborne missile strategic carriers, tactical and theatre ballistic missiles, medium-range ballistic missiles, etc.
  • The S-400 is fully mobile and each system has a 3D phased array acquisition radar that can track around 300 targets up to 600 km.
  • It has a command and control centre, automatic tracking and targeting systems, launchers and support vehicles.
  • The missile system is tackle any aerial target within a range of 400km and can simultaneously engage 36 targets.
  • Each system has four different types to missiles for up to 40 km, 120 km, 250 km and 400 km and up to 30 km altitude.
  • It can be activated within five minutes and has the flexibility to be integrated into the existing and future air defence units of the air force, army and navy.
  • The S-400 also comes with improved electronic counter-countermeasures to tackle the attempts at jamming.
  • Another capability of S-400 is its “fire-and-forget capability” which does not require further guidance after the launch and can hit the target without the launcher being in line-of-sight of the target.

 

Comprising of all the above mentioned features in a single missile defense system makes S-400 air defense system technically superior to any other system presently available in the world.

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