Explain the purpose of the Green Grid Initiative launched at World Leaders Summit of the COP26 UN Climate Initiative launched at World Leaders November, 2021. When was this idea first floated in the International Solar Alliance (ISA)? UPSC 2021, 10 Marks

Q6. नवम्बर, 2021 में ग्लासगो में विश्व के नेताओं के शिखर सम्मेलन में सी..पी. 26 संयुक्त राष्ट्र जलवायु परिवर्तन सम्मेलन मेंआरम्भ की गई हरित ग्रिड पहल का प्रयोजन स्पष्ट कीजिए  अन्तर्राष्ट्रीय सौर गठबंधन (आई.एस..) में यह विचार पहली बार कब दिया गया था ?
Q6. Explain the purpose of the Green Grid Initiative launched at World Leaders Summit of the COP26 UN Climate Initiative launched at World Leaders November, 2021. When was this idea first floated in the International Solar Alliance (ISA)? (Answer in 150 words) 10

Answer:

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on November 2, 2021, launched the Green Grids Initiative – One Sun One World One Grid (GGI-OSOWOG) initiative jointly with his UK counterpart Boris Johnson at the event ‘Accelerating Clean Technology Innovation and Deployment’ at COP26 Climate Summit at Glasgow. In May 2021, India and the UK had agreed to combine the Green Grids Initiative and the One Sun One World One Grid and jointly launch GGI-OSOWOG at the COP26 Climate Summit in Glasgow in November 2021.

In first assembly of the International Solar Alliance (ISA), in October 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi floated the idea of the OSOWOG initiative. The UK and India decided to merge the UK’s Green Grids Initiative (GGI) and ISA’s OSOWOG into GGI-OSOWOG as part of the UK-India Virtual Summit earlier this year.

Green Grids Initiative – One Sun One World One Grid (GGI-OSOWOG) initiative :

  • The new Global Green Grids Initiative One Sun One World One Grid (GGI-OSOWOG) is an evolution of the International Solar Alliance’s OSOWOG multilateral drive to foster interconnected solar energy infrastructure at a global scale.
  • This initiative aims to tap solar energy and have it travel seamlessly across borders. The initiative will work towards accelerating the making of large solar power stations and wind farms in the best locations, linked together by continental-scale grids crossing national borders.
  • The sun offers a huge source of energy for mankind. All the energy humanity uses in a year is equal to the energy that reaches the earth from the sun in a single hour. Given that the sun never sets and that half the planet is always receiving sunlight, there is the potential to harness solar energy continuously across the globe and trade this energy across borders to ensure adequate energy supply to meet the needs of everyone on earth.
  • Over 80 countries have endorsed the One Sun Declaration.
  • This initiative will bring together an international coalition of national governments, financial organizations, and power system operators.

Realizing One Sun One World One Grid through interconnected green grids can be transformational, enabling all the nations of the world to meet the targets of the Paris Agreement to prevent dangerous climate change, to accelerate the clean energy transition, and to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. These efforts can stimulate green investments and create millions of good jobs. By sharing the sun’s energy, the nations can help build a more peaceful and prosperous world.

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