Analyse the complexity and intensity of terrorism, its causes, linkages and obnoxious nexus. Also suggest measures required to be taken to eradicate the menace of terrorism. UPSC 2021, 15 Marks

Q20. आतंकवाद की जटिलता और तीव्रताइसके कारणोंसम्बन्धों तथा अप्रिय गठजोड़ का विश्लेषण कीजिए  आतंकवाद के खतरे के उन्मूलन के लिए उठाए जाने वाले उपायों का भी सुझाव दीजिए  (250 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए)
Q20. Analyse the complexity and intensity of terrorism, its causes, linkages and obnoxious nexus. Also suggest measures required to be taken to eradicate the menace of terrorism. (Answer in 250 words) 15

Answer:

The complexity in the word terrorism lies in the fact that it tries to mean of spreading fear or hatred in the minds of the innocent people to spread its propaganda through the lens of good or bad. It continues to spread far and wide. Thus India has a clear stand on International terrorism that it must not be supported and must be condemned to the beat of nationa ability. 

Causes of terrorism 

  • Illiteracy, poor governance, poverty.
  • Corruption
  • Historical injustice and human rights violation
  • Narrative that has a negative connotation
  • High unemployment 
  • Radicalisation and fanaticism.

Sources of terrorist funding that provide for linkage and an obnoxious nexus

  • Drugs and smuggling
  • Illicit trafficking
  • Extortion and Hawala trading 
  • Radicalisation and brain washing by organisation to produce a certain kind of version of what is honest and real. 
  • The introduction of the internet has made the youth the most vulnerable amongst all the groups as they are widely recruited to fulfil the brutish objectives.
  • They try to breach the security of the country using secessionist means. 
  • The terrorism is emerging fast as a competitive industry that uses land, labor, capital and entrepreneurship to use it to meet their illegitimate demands and desires.

Measures to eradicate the menace of terrorism

  • There is a need for a security oriented approach that involves a collaboration between police and intelligence and also redress the causes that can be a possible hotbed for the rise of the terrorist activities. 
  • It is vital to combat the threats associated with terrorism the Mumbai attack, the Pathankot attack still are so fresh in the memories of  the countrymen. Therefore there must be agreement on various parameters so that a national strategy be drawn out.
  • Ensuring the fruits of socio economic development are inclusive.
  • The administration is more accountable. And more respondent to the needs of the people. 
  • Coordination between different agencies responsible for the security of the country. 

A multi pronged approach where the whole world unites to reach to a common goal of peace and progress of the world and fellow countrymen where the most vulnerable of all sections are protected so that they don’t fall a prey to a ploy in the hands of these extremist organisations. Therefore action that is proactive and quick must be taken so that the loss is absorbed well.  

Leave a Reply