“Though women in post-Independent India have excelled in various fields, the social attitude towards women and feminist movement has been patriarchal.” Apart from women education and women empowerment schemes, what interventions can help change this milieu? UPSC 2021, 15 Marks

Q17. यद्यपि स्वातंत्र्योत्तर भारत में महिलाओं ने विभिन्न क्षेत्रों में उत्कृष्टता हासिल की हैइसके बावजूद महिलाओं और नारीवादी आन्दोलन के प्रति सामाजिक दृष्टिकोण पितृसत्तात्मक रहा है।” महिला शिक्षा और महिला सशक्तीकरण की योजनाओं के अतिरिक्त कौन से हस्तक्षेप इस परिवेश के परिवर्तन में सहायक हो सकते हैं(उत्तर 250 शब्दों में दीजिए)

Q17. “Though women in post-Independent India have excelled in various fields, the social attitude towards women and feminist movement has been patriarchal.” Apart from women education and women empowerment schemes, what interventions can help change this milieu? (Answer in 250 words) 15


During post-independence India, improvements were made in terms of various areas that led to well-being of women within the society. There were formulation of many programs and schemes that had the main objective of bringing about progressive among women. Encouraging them towards acquisition of education and participation in the employment settings are the main aspects that promote women empowerment.

Women empowerment schemes and initiates since Independent of India:

  • Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme
  • One-Stop Centre Scheme
  • Women Helpline Scheme
  • Working Women Hostel
  • SWADHAR Greh
  • Support to Training and Employment Programme for Women (STEP)
  • Nari Shakti Puraskar
  • Mahila Shakti Kendras (MSK)
  • Mahila E-Haat
  • Mahila Police Volunteers

 In spite of initiation of the measures and policies, still in some of the rural communities, women are regarded as subordinates to men. One of the unfortunate areas is, throughout the country, women and girls are subjected to abuse and mistreatment. 

So, in order to achieve a complete sense of women empowerment and gender equality and enshrined in the constitution of India , we need to adopt and follow measures like;

  1. Place women as leaders and give them decision making roles

Although many women are now powerful contributors to the economy of some states, gender equality is still a myth in the greater part of the world. Women have actively started participating in the tech industry, food production, natural resource management, domestic wellness, entrepreneurial work, as well as energy and climate change. But, most women still don’t have access to good job opportunities and resources to get a better-paid job. As the focus shifts towards inclusive economic structures, providing women with leadership opportunities and making them a part of decision making can go a long way in achieving women’s empowerment.

  1. More Job Opportunities for Women:

Despite being significant contributors to social and financial development, women don’t have access to equal job opportunities. Equal rights programmes can invest significantly in promoting decent jobs and public policies, advocating growth and development.

  1. Invest in Women’s Entrepreneurial Ideas, Emotionally and Financially:

An effective way of tackling gender inequality is entrusting women with entrepreneurial work. The state can take initiatives to train women in business skills for better job opportunities. Looking at the global developments, many developing countries are spending a percentage of annual revenues in women’s developments. By investing in women’s education and providing them with entrepreneurial opportunities, the unequal pay gap can be ruled out from the socio-economic scene, encouraging women to increase their participation in the supply chain.

  1. Taking Action against Unpaid Labour Work:

One of the biggest concerns about gender inequality is women’s unpaid labor. Many marginalized groups, including rural women and domestic workers, are often deprived of economic independence and many times their labors go unnoticed by society. With empowerment policies striving to raise the incomes of women, resources can be appropriately managed to eradicate the issue.  Unpaid labor is a growing concern among many developing countries, and this is primarily associated with rural and low-skilled workers. By controlling the driving factors and protecting women from violence and social abuses, women can be encouraged to explore and utilize their potential.

  1. Mentoring Women Professionally and Personally:

Implementing fancy rules cannot drive away unequal pay gaps and the lack of job opportunities for women. To eliminate the problem from the grass-root levels, gender-sensitive economic policies should be deployed. To help women actualize their entrepreneurial goals and promote them as leaders, mentoring programmes should adopt a more holistic approach wherein both personal and the professional aspects are taken care of. Income-making skills are not always successful in building empowering personalities, and empowerment schemes can launch competent mentoring programmes to cater to the growing fiduciary demands.

The women empowerment programmes are investing abundantly in the welfare and empowerment of women, encouraging women to break free from their traditional roles and do away with gender stereotypes. There are various ways of achieving women’s financial empowerment and the aforementioned recommendations are only to name a few. To keep up with the changing global trends and fulfill sustainable development goals, it’s time to break barriers and explore alternative programmes for advocating equal opportunities for women and promoting financial inclusivity.

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