“If the last few decades were of Asia’s growth story, the next few are expected to be of Africa’s.” In the light of this statement, examine India’s influence in Africa in recent years. UPSC 2021, 10 Marks

Q9. यदि विगत कुछ दशक एशिया के विकास की कहानी के रहे, तो परवर्ती कुछ दशक अफ्रीका के हो सकते हैं।इस कथन के आलोक में, हाल के वर्षों में अफ्रीका में भारत के प्रभाका परीक्षण कीजिए। (उत्तर 150 शब्दों में दीजिए)
Q9. “If the last few decades were of Asia’s growth story, the next few are expected to be of Africa’s.” In the light of this statement, examine India’s influence in Africa in recent years. (Answer in 150 words) 10

In the last few decades’ Asian nations have registered immense growth. Most of the Asian Nations are at the developing stage, they are also known as late converges. 

Africa is home to more than a half-dozen of the world’s fastest growing countries this decade, including Rwanda, Senegal, and Tanzania, making it one of the world’s growth poles.

In the last decade, real GDP in Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa has expanded at a rate that is more than double that of the 1980s and 1990s.

With a population of over one billion people and a combined GDP of 2.5 trillion dollars, the African continent represents a massive prospective market.

Africa is a resource-rich continent dominated by commodities such as crude oil, gas, pulses and lentils, leather, gold, and other metals, all of which India does not have in adequate amounts.

India’s influence in Africa in recent years

    • Under the Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC) initiative, India is investing in capacity building by offering more than $1 billion in technical assistance and training to professionals.
    • India, as a full member of the African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF), has pledged $1 million to ACBF’s sustainable development, poverty reduction, and capacity building initiatives.
    • India has invested $100 million in the Pan-African E-Network to bridge Africa’s digital gap, leveraging its information technology strengths.
    • Despite her precarious financial situation, India has made enormous amounts of credit available to several African countries on the most favorable terms. It provided credit ranging from 5 to 10 crores to countries such as Tanzania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Zambia, Uganda, Sudan, and others for the purchase of Indian-made goods such as textiles and engineering goods, tractors, motorcycles, buses, trucks, bicycles, and so on.
    • Military commanders from a number of African countries are trained in Indian military academies.
  • India has also launched the Vision Document of the Asian Africa Growth Corridor, which was produced collaboratively by Indian and Japanese think groups. The corridor’s focus will be on developing cooperation projects, quality infrastructure and institutional connectivity, talent enhancement, and people-to-people partnerships.
    • A secure maritime environment in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) is critical for both India and African countries in order to protect national interests and achieve long-term national development. Through periodic naval deployments and port visits, India has gradually increased its engagement with African navies.
    • The Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), which is led by India, is based in Mauritius and comprises eight African members, including vital island governments such as Madagascar and Comoros.
  • Apart from that India and African Nations are effectively cooperating on the issue of Climate change. On the question of WTO negotiations both India and African Nations have convergences. 


India and Africa are historic partners. There is immense scope of potential in the sphere of economy, defense and security, UNSC reforms and climate change. New Delhi must enhance cooperation between various African Nations at various fronts to leverage the benefits with African continent.

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