How does Indian society maintain continuity in traditional social values? Enumerate the changes taking place in it. UPSC GS Paper 1 2021, 15 Marks

Q20. भारतीय समाज पारम्परिक सामाजिक मूल्यों में निरंतरता कैसे बनाए रखता है ? इनमें होने वाले परिवर्तनों का विवरण दीजिए । (250 शब्दों में उत्तर दीजिए)

Q20. How does Indian society maintain continuity in traditional social values? Enumerate the changes taking place in it.(250 words) 15 Marks


Ans. Indian society is a pluralist society been build on the aspect of the unity in Diversity. It is a very accommodative aspect, whose existence is allowed through the freedom and the fertility of ideas and mutual tolerance and the idea of love that we have gathered as values throughout generations and as the guarantee for future.

The cultural beliefs, rituals and traditions are an inherent and intrinsic value in a human being. Along with that there are an obscurantist version in the form of the superstitions that the society faces. That further leads to the promotion of ignorance.

Indian society is multi-religious, multilingual and multi-caste country that has helped us in becoming a dominant player in the world system for ages. There too in the recent age of the technological evolution where rationality and scientific temper is evidently build upon. Therefore the nuisance of internet in Mahabharat times the plastic surgery of lord Ganesha playfuly calls for a mockery on the glorious past and the traditions that helped to shape our knowledge base and economy.

Ancient India had a rich corpus of contribution the zero, calculations of the eclipse, concept of atom, complex surgery and transplantation in the Shushruta Samhita. Indian values that is based on the ideas of Vasudeva Kutumbakam and Athithi Devo Bhava and that Satyamev Jayate that helped us together end the 200 years of the deplorable British rule.

India too has contributed immensely in the field of Science and technology like sending of the mission on to Mars was a result of the tireless efforts and our grit and determination surpassing the negative superstitious approach. Scientific research and increasing emphasis on growth has also laid the possibility to eliminate the diseases like polio small pox and also in a short span of time development of the vaccines to give a tough fight to the COVID 19 Pandemic putting forth a scientific outlook. Which also prospers  for and also reduces the ills in our society like casteism, majoritanism and misogynist behaviour in our society.

Traditionals belief and value system must be practiced to attach humanity with human prism and rationality. That further enhances our well being and welfare. The need is to incorporate it in our education system further to make life of the human race better.

Spirit of enquiry reform has also been accrued in our constitutional values like Liberty, Equality, Fraternity and secularism. The uniqueness of the Indian society is maintained through coexistence of various religions that have provided for breathing spaces due to tolerance and liberalism. These values have been imbibed well by ancient rulers like Ashoka and Akbar. The most unique aspect in the culture is the receptivity which has made our culture as an ocean accepting all good points from all the cultures.

The need is to use thiose values for promoting the larger idea of the growth and development where there is Sabka Sath Sabka Vikas, Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat. These values are a unique possession of ours we must make sure that they help in us rising with all the glory and splendour.

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