MINISTRY OF AYUSH

 

Lecture Content

MINISTRY OF AYUSH

Rationale to establish the AYUSH Ministry

Schemes by Ministry of Ayush

National Ayush Mission

Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL)

Promoting Pharmacovigilance of Ayush Drugs

National AYUSH Grid Project

Scheme for Integrated Health Research (SIHR)

Project Collaboration

Swasthya Raksha programme

Mission Madhumeha

Traditional medicines

Ayurveda: Indian traditional medicine

Yoga

Naturopathy

Unani: Yunani medicine

Siddha

Homoeopathy

Sowa-Rigpa

 

 

 

MINISTRY OF AYUSH

  • Earlier it was a department in Ministry of Health.
  • AYUSH: The Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy.
  • It includes other Indigenous Medicine systems.
  • Objective: developing education, research and propagation of indigenous alternative medicine systems in India.
  • Central Council of Indian Medicine: statutory body under AYUSH. It monitors education in areas of rural Indian medicine.

 

Rationale to establish the AYUSH Ministry

  • AYUSH System: Approx. 60% of rural medical care.
  • These practitioners are accused of neglecting evidence-based medicine (EBM).
  • The qualifications to become such doctor are much lighter than those for an allopathic doctor.
  • Some practitioners recommend against following modern medical practices.
  • Considered by the professional medical community to be ineffective and harmful, raising ethical issues about its practice.
  • These are known for their frequent campaigning for legal recognition.
  • Quackery (नीमहकीमी): Supreme Court and Indian Medical Association (IMA) regard such medicine systems as quackery.
  • Supreme Court: “unqualified, untrained quacks are posing a great risk to the entire society; without having the requisite training and education in the science from approved institutions”.

 

Schemes by Ministry of Ayush

National Ayush Mission

  • Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
  • Components: Mandatory Components (80% of the Resource pool), and Flexible Components (20% of resource pool)
  • AYUSH Gram: AYUSH based lifestyles are promoted.
  • Subsidy to farmers for cultivation of medicinal plants.
  • Support cultivation of medicinal plants by adopting Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs)
  • To operationalize 10% Health and Wellness Centers (HWC) of Ayushman Bharat Scheme through the Ministry of AYUSH through State / UT Governments.
  • Setting up of clusters: through convergence of cultivation, warehousing, value addition, marketing etc.

Components

  • Mandatory Components (80% of the Resource pool)
    • AYUSH Services AYUSH facilities at Primary Health Centres (PHCs), Community Health Centres (CHCs) and District Hospitals etc.
    • AYUSH Educational
    • Quality Control of Drugs and Medicinal Plants
    • School Health Programme: both physical and mental health.
  • Flexible Components (20% of resource pool)
    • AYUSH Wellness Centres including Yoga & Naturopathy
    • Tele-medicine
    • Crop Insurance for Medicinal Plants
    • Public Private Partnership
    • Interest subsidy for Private AYUSH educational Institutions.

 

Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL)

  • In collaboration with CSIR
  • To prevent grant of “bed” patents on traditional knowledge and
  • Digital library: traditional knowledge on Indian medicines and formulations from various classical texts existing in local languages such as Sanskrit, Urdu, Tamil etc.

 

Promoting Pharmacovigilance of Ayush Drugs

  • Pharmacovigilance (PV or PhV), means drug safety.
  • To develop the culture of vigilance and documenting adverse effects of Ayush Systems.
  • Surveillance of misleading advertisements appearing in the print and electronic media.
  • It is a Central Sector Scheme.
  • All India Institute of Ayurveda, New Delhi, is designated as National Pharmacovigilance Centre (NPvCC).
    • An autonomous body under the Ministry of AYUSH.

 

 

National AYUSH Grid Project

  • Induction of IT into the AYUSH Sector
  • Various pilot projects. Eg.
    • AYUSH Hospital Management Information System (A-HMIS)
    • Yoga locator application
    • Telemedicine etc.

 

Scheme for Integrated Health Research (SIHR)

  • Ayush ministry + NITI Aayog + Invest India (AGNI Platform).
  • To address the untapped potential of AYUSH Systems with modern medicine through evidence-based practices.

 

 

Project Collaboration

  • Ministry of AYUSH + WHO
  • Project Collaboration Agreement (PCA)
  • WHO Traditional Medicine Strategy 2014-2023

 

 

Swasthya Raksha programme

  • To promote health, health education in villages
  • Awareness about cleanliness.
  • Mass campaigning about hygiene and health.

 

 

Mission Madhumeha

  • Diabetes: a non-communicable disease.
  • To be implemented throughout the country through a National Treatment Protocol of Diabetes through Ayurveda.

 

 

Traditional medicines

 

Ayurveda: Indian traditional medicine

  • Alternative medicine system
  • It is a pseudoscientific system of medicine of the Indian subcontinent.
  • Classical Ayurveda texts: Sushruta Samhita, Charak Samhita

 

Yoga

  • It is a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India.
  • It is one of the six Āstika (orthodox) schools of Hindu philosophical
  • It is closely related to Hindu Samkhya
  • Exists in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.
  • Yoga is mentioned in Rigveda and in Upanishads.
  • It is related to Sramaṇa movements of 5th and 6th centuries BCE.
  • The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali date from the 2nd century BCE.
  • It was introduced by Swami Vivekananda in the west in the 20th century.

 

 

Naturopathy

  • It includes practices branded as “natural”, “non-invasive”, or promoting “self-healing”.
  • Based on vitalism and folk medicine, rather than evidence-based medicine (EBM).

 

 

Note: Vitalism philosophy

  • Living organisms are fundamentally different from non-living entities.
  • They contain some non-physical element or are governed by different principles.

 

 

Unani: Yunani medicine

  • It is the term for Perso-Arabic traditional medicine, as practiced in Mughal India.
  • Yūnānī means “Greek”: traced in Hippocrates and Galen.

 

 

Siddha

  • It is a traditional medicine originating in Tamil Nadu.
  • Practitioners are called siddhars (vaithiyars in Tamil).

  

Homoeopathy

  • It believes that a substance that causes symptoms of a disease in healthy people would cure similar symptoms in sick people
  • similia similibus curentur, or “like cures like”.
  • It was created in 1796 by Samuel Hahnemann.
  • Homeopathic dilution: In this process, a chosen substance is repeatedly and thoroughly diluted.

 

 

Sowa-Rigpa

  • Traditional Tibetan medicine
  • Incorporate techniques such as pulse analysis and urinalysis, and utilizes behavior and dietary modification
  • Medicines composed of natural materials (e.g., herbs and minerals) and physical therapies (e.g. acupuncture)
  • it is based upon Ayurveda and Indian Buddhist literature Abhidharma and Vajrayana tantras.
  • Buddhist belief: All illness ultimately results from the three poisons: delusion, greed and aversion. (माया, लालच, घृणा)
  • Tibetan medicine follows the Buddha’s Four Noble Truths.